Complete Definition of "past participle"

English

Noun
en-noun|sg=past participle

  1. grammar A participle indicating a completed action or state, and functioning as an adjective. When combined with the verb to have, a past participle forms the perfect tenses of a verb. In a regular verb, the past participle ends in -ed and has the same spelling as the past tense of the verb. Sometimes the last consonant needs to be doubled. Sometimes the end vowels change: y -> ied.

Usage notes
Remember to always use the past participle with an auxiliary verb: have, has, or had.

to love (loved) have/has/had loved
to ride (rode) have/has/had ridden
to construct (constructed) have/has/had constructed
to write (wrote) have/has/had written
to forget (forgot) have/has/had forgotten
to know (knew) have/has/had known
to strike (struck) have/has/had struck or have/has/had stricken
to eat (ate) have/has/had eaten

Notice how all of the endings are not the same. Some end in "-ed" like many preterite tense words, while irregular verbs tend to end in "-en". For other and more irregular verbs you may refer to the Appendix:Irregular verbs|list of irregular verbs

Translations
trans-top|past participle
Croatian: t-|hr|particip perfekta|m
Czech: t-|cs|pÅíÄestí minulé|n
Danish: datids tillægsform c
Dutch: t+|nl|voltooid deelwoord|n, t-|nl|verleden deelwoord|n
Esperanto: t-|eo|participo|xs=Esperanto
Finnish: t-|fi|partisiipin perfekti
French: t-|fr|participe passé|m
Icelandic: t-|is|núliðin tíð|f
Italian: t-|it|participio passato|m
trans-mid
Japanese: éå»åè© (ããã¶ãã, kako bunshi)
Russian: пÑиÑаÑÑие пÑоÑедÑего вÑемени (priÄástije prošédÅ¡evo vrémeni) n
Spanish: t-|es|participio pasado|m
Swedish: t-|sv|perfektparticip|n
trans-bottom

fr:past participle
it:past participle
nl:past participle
pl:past participle
ru:past participle
tr:past participle

Revision and Credits for"past participle"
  • 2007-12-19 00:35 - Stephen G. Brown - Reverted edits by [[Special:Contributions/189.70.90.125|189.70.90.125]] ([[User_talk:189.70.90.125|Talk]]); changed back to last version by [[User:Tbot|Tbot]]

  • Full Revision History
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