Complete Definition of "martyr"

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English

Etymology
From L. martyr#Latin|martyr < AGr. polytonic|μάρτυρ (martyr), later form of polytonic|μάρτυς (martys) "witness".

Pronunciation
audio|en-us-martyr.ogg|Audio (US)

Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-ɑː(r)tə(r)|-ɑː(r)tə(r)

Noun
en-noun

  1. One who takes action according to his religious beliefs accepting that he will be killed by others; one who is put to death for his religion; as, Stephen was the first Christian martyr.

  1. Hence, one who sacrifices his life, his station, or what is of great value to him, for the sake of principle or to sustain a cause.
  2. (with a prepositional phrase of cause) One who suffers greatly.

#: ''Stephen was a martyr to arthritis.

Translations

Arabic: ARchar|شهيد (šahīd) m
Bosnian: mučenik m, šehit m
Chinese: 烈士 (lièshì); 受難者, 受难者 (shòu nàn zhě)
Croatian: mučenik m
Czech: mučedník m
Dutch: martelaar m, martelares f
Finnish: marttyyri
French: martyr m, martyre f
German: Märtyrer m
Greek, Modern: μάρτυρας (mártiras) m
Hindi: शहीद (šahīd) m
Interlingua: martyr
Japanese: 殉教者 (じゅんきょうしゃ, junkyōsha)
Korean: 순교자 (sun-gyoja)
Kurdish: şehîd
mid
Persian: FAchar|شهید (šahid)
Polish: męczennik m
Portuguese: mártir
Russian: мученик (múčenik) m
Serbian:
:Cyrillic: мученик m
:Roman: mučenik m
Spanish: mártir m
Swedish: martyr
Turkish: şehit
Urdu: URchar|شہید (šahīd) m
Volapük: martüran

Verb
en-verb

  1. To put to death for adhering to, or acting in accordance with, some belief, especially religious; to sacrifice on account of faith or profession.
  2. To persecute; to torment; to torture.

#: The lovely Amoret, whose gentle heart
#: Thou martyrest with sorrow and with smart. —Spenser
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Derived terms
martyrdom
protomartyr

Category:English concrete nouns
Category:English nouns
Category:Greek derivations

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