Noun from OF. gouge, itself from L. gulbia (LL. gubia), of Gau. or Ba. origins. Verb is from the noun.
- A chisel, with a curved blade, for scooping or cutting holes, channels, or grooves, in wood, stone, etc.
#*1823, w:James Fenimore Cooper|James Fenimore Cooper, s:The Pioneers/Chapter 8|The Pioneers - Chapter 8,
#*:[...] on four tall pillars of pine that were fluted with a gouge, and loaded with mouldings.
- A cut or groove, as left by something sharp.
#:The nail left a deep gouge in the tire.
trans-top|chisel for scooping
French: gouge f
German: HohlmeiÃel m
trans-top|cut or groove
French: gougeure f, rainure f
German: Rille f, Furche f
R:Online Etymology Dictionary
- transitive To make a mark or hole by scooping.
#:Japanese and Chinese printers used to gouge characters in wood.
- transitive or intransitive To push, or try to push the eye (of a person) out of its socket.
#*1930, w:Robert E. Howard|Robert E. Howard, s:Champ of the Forecastle|Champ of the Forecastle,
#*: He tried to clinch and gouge, but another right hook to the jaw sent him down and out.
- transitive To charge an unreasonably or unfairly high price.
#:They have no competition, so they tend to gouge their customers.
trans-top|make a mark by scooping
Finnish: kaivaa ulos, kovertaa
French: gouger, graver
German ausstechen, bohren
trans-top|to push the eye out
trans-top|charge an unfairly high price
Category:English concrete nouns
Category:English transitive verbs
L.|fr gulbia (LL.|fr gubia), of Gau.|fr or Ba.|fr origins.
- A #English|gouge (1).
- A tool with a curved blade for cutting leather.
- obsolete A female servant.
- archaic A prostitute.
#*1857, w:Charles Baudelaire|Charles Baudelaire, :s:fr:Bribes|Bribes - Damnation,
#*: On peut les comparer encore Ã cette auberge, </br>Espoir des affamÃ©s, oÃ¹ cognent sur le tard, </br>BlessÃ©s, brisÃ©s, jurant, priant quâon les hÃ©berge, </br>LâÃ©colier, le prÃ©lat, la gouge et le soudard.
#*:: They can also be compared to this inn, </br>Hope to the starved, where in the night knock, </br>Injured, broken, cursing, begging to be lodged, </br>The schoolboy, the prelate, the prostitute and the soldier.
- form of|First- and third-person singular indicative present|gouger
- form of|First- and third-person singular subjunctive present|gouger
- form of|Ordinary second-person singular imperative present|gouger