Complete Definition of "flood"

wikipedia
English

Etymology
ME. flod, from Old English flod|flōd, from common Germanic *flōduz, from Proto-Indo-European *plō-tu-, derived from *pleu- "to flow". Near cognates include German Flut and Gothic (flōdus).

Pronunciation
enPR|flŭd, IPA|/flʌd/, SAMPA|/flVd/
:Rhymes:English:-ʌd|Rhymes: -ʌd

Noun
en-noun

  1. A (usually disastrous) overflow of water from a lake or other body of water due to excessive rainfall or other input of water.
  2. figuratively A large number or quantity of anything appearing more rapidly than can easily be dealt with.
Translations
trans-top|overflow of water
Bulgarian: наводнение (navodnenie) n
Chinese: 洪水 (hóngshǔi)
Czech: povodeň f, záplava f, potopa f
Danish: oversvømmelse c
Dutch: overstroming f, vloed m
Estonian: t-|et|veetulv
Finnish: t-|fi|tulva
French: t-|fr|inondation|f
German: Flut f italbrac|tidal, Überflutung f, Überschwemmung f
Greek:

Hebrew: מבול (mabbul) m, שטפון (šittafon) m
Hungarian: t+|hu|árvíz
Icelandic: t-|is|flóð|n
Indonesian: banjir
Italian: inondazione f, alluvione f <ref name=oxf-par>Oxford-Paravia Concise - Dizionario Inglese-Italiano e Italiano-Inglese. Edited by Maria Cristina Bareggi. Torino: Paravia, 2003 (in collaboration with Oxford University Press). W:Wikipedia:book sources| ISBN 8839551107. Online version here</ref>
trans-mid
Japanese: 洪水 (こうずい, kōzui)
Korean: 한물 (hanmul), 홍수 (洪水, hongsu)
Kurdish: t|ku|lehî f, t|ku|lêser f, t|ku|lês f, t|ku|avrabûn f, KUchar|لافاو
Latin: diluvium n, inundatio f
Latvian: plūdi m|p
Polish: powódź f, potop m
Portuguese: enchente f, inundação f
Proto-Polynesian: *lolo
Russian: наводнение (navodn'énije) n
Spanish: t+|es|inundación|f
Swedish: översvämning c
Telugu: వరద (varada), వెల్లువ (velluva)
trans-bottom

trans-top|large number or quantity
Finnish: t-|fi|tulva
German: t+|de|Flut|f
Italian: marea <ref name=oxf-par /> f, alluvione f
trans-mid
Japanese: 洪水 (こうずい, kōzui)
Polish: powódź f, potok m
Portuguese: dilúvio m
Russian: наплыв (naplýv) m
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
checktrans

ttbc|Thai: THchar|น้ำท่วม (namtuam)

Related terms
outburst flood <!--(geology) catastrophic flooding from a glacier-->

Verb
en-verb

  1. To overflow.
  2. To cover or partly fill as if by a flood.

#:The floor was flooded with beer.
#:They flooded the room with sewage.

  1. figuratively To provide (someone or something) with a larger number or quantity of something than can easily be dealt with.

#:The station's switchboard was flooded with listeners making complaints.

  1. context|internet|computing To paste numerous lines of text in IRC, usually resulting in an automated kick or ban.

Synonyms
(overflow):
(cover): inundate
(provide with large number): inundate, swamp, deluge

Translations

trans-top|overflow
Finnish: t-|fi|tulvia
French: t-|fr|inonder
German: überschwemmen, überfluten
Greek:

Italian: allagare, inondare, (river, intransitive) straripare <ref name=oxf-par />
trans-mid
Japanese: t-|ja|氾濫する|sc=Jpan
Latin: inundare, diluviare
Latvian: plūdi
Polish: zalewać
Swedish: svämma över, översvämma
trans-bottom

trans-top|cover as if by a flood
Finnish: t-|fi|tulvia, t-|fi|hukuttaa
French: t-|fr|inonder
German: überschwemmen, überfluten
Greek: t|el|πλημμυρίζω|sc=Grek (plimmyrízo)
Italian: allagare, inondare <ref name=oxf-par />
trans-mid
Polish: zalewać
Telugu: ముంచెత్తు (muMchettu), వెల్లువెత్తు (velluvettu)
trans-bottom

trans-top|provide with a large number of quantity
Finnish: t-|fi|tukkia, t-|fi|hukuttaa
Greek: t|el|πλημμυρίζω|sc=Grek (plimmyrízo)
Italian: inondare, subissare <ref name=oxf-par />
trans-mid
Polish: zalewać
Telugu: ముంచెత్తు (muMchettu)
trans-bottom

References
<references/>

Category:English ergative verbs
Category:Liquids

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Revision and Credits for"flood"
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