Complete Definition of "ferment"

English

Etymology
L. term|fermentare||to leaven, ferment|langla < term|fermentum||substance causing fermentation|langla < term|fervere||to boil, seethe|langla. Confer French term|ferment|langfr, see also term|fervent.

Pronunciation
(verb):
*(Received Pronunciation|UK) IPA|/fÉËmÉnt/, SAMPA|/[email protected]"mEnt/
*(General American|US) IPA|/fÉËmÉnt/, SAMPA|/[email protected]`"mEnt/
(noun):
*(Received Pronunciation|UK) IPA|/ËfÉËmÉnt/, SAMPA|/"f3:mEnt/
*(General American|US) IPA|/ËfÉmÉnt/, SAMPA|/"f3`mEnt/

Verb
en-verb

  1. To produce alcohol by allowing yeast to act on sugars in a mixture, to brew.
  2. To stir up, agitate, cause unrest.

Translations
trans-top|to produce alcohol
Danish: gære, fermentere
Dutch: gisten
trans-mid
Finnish: käyttää, panna käydä|käymään
German: gären
trans-bottom

trans-top|to cause unrest
Dutch: stoken
Finnish: lietsoa, nostattaa, kuohuttaa
German: stören, anstacheln
trans-mid
trans-bottom

Noun
en-noun

  1. Something, such as a yeast that causes fermentation.
  2. A state of agitation or of turbulent change.
  3. A catalyst.
Quotations
;state of agitation
1919, w:Ronald Firbank|Ronald Firbank, w:Valmouth|Valmouth, Duckworth, hardback edition, page 104

Translations
trans-top|substance causing fermentation
Dutch: gist
German Gärmittel
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|state of agitation
Finnish: kuohunta
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|catalyst
trans-mid
trans-bottom

See also
foment

References
R:Online Etymology Dictionary
R:1913
pedialite|Fermentation

Category:Biochemistry
Category:Chemistry

fr:ferment
io:ferment
it:ferment
pl:ferment
ru:ferment
te:ferment
vi:ferment
zh:ferment

Revision and Credits for"ferment"
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