Complete Definition of "espionage"

English

Etymology
Borrowed from French espionnage, derived from Middle French espionner meaning "to spy", from Old French espion meaning "spy", from Italian spione (from spia)

Pronunciation
'Äs-pÄ-Å­-näzh also Canadian -nÄzh; -nizh

Noun
wikipedia
en-noun|-

  1. The act of learning secret information through clandestine means.
  2. undercover work
  3. spying or reconnaissance

Translations
trans-top|act of learning secret information through clandestine means
Croatian: t|hr|špijunaža|f
Danish: spionage c
German: Spionage f
trans-mid
Norwegian: spionasje m
Russian: Ñпионаж (Å¡pionáž) m
trans-bottom

trans-top|undercover work
Croatian: t|hr|špijunaža|f
Danish: spionage c
German: Spionage f
trans-mid
Norwegian: spionasje m
Russian: Ñпионаж (Å¡pionáž) m
trans-bottom

trans-top|spying or reconnaissance
Croatian: t|hr|špijunaža|f
Czech: výzvÄdy f|p, Å¡pionáž f
Danish: spionage c
Finnish: vakoilu
trans-mid
German: Spionage f
Norwegian: spionasje m
Russian: Ñпионаж (Å¡pionáž) m, Ñазведка (razv'édka) m
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
checktrans


ttbc|Chinese:
:Simplified: é´è°æ´»å¨
:Traditional: éè«æ´»å
:Pinyin: jiandie-huodong
ttbc|Dutch: spionage
ttbc|Esperanto: spionado
ttbc|French: espionnage
ttbc|Greek: καÏαÏκοÏεία (kataskopeía)
ttbc|Hebrew: ר××××
ttbc|Italian: spionaggio

<!--Languages J to Z go here-->
ttbc|Japanese:
:kanji: è«å ±æ´»å
:hiragana: ã¡ããã»ããã¤ã©ã
:romaji: chÅhÅ katsudÅ
Korean:
:hangul: ê°ì²©, ê°ì²©íì
:romaja: gancheob, gancheophaengwi
ttbc|Latin: speculatio nominative, speculationis genitive
ttbc|Polish: szpieg
ttbc|Portuguese: espionagem
ttbc|Spanish: espionaje
ttbc|Thai: à¸à¸²à¸£à¸à¸£à¸£à¸¡
ttbc|Turkish: casusluk

Derived terms
industrial espionage

fr:espionage
io:espionage
it:espionage
pl:espionage
te:espionage
vi:espionage

Revision and Credits for"espionage"
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