colour (UK, Australia, Canada, New Zealand)
From Old French coulour, from Latin color. See usage note below.
- The spectral composition of visible light.
#: Humans and birds can perceive color.
- A particular set of visible spectral compositions, perceived or named as a class.
#: Most languages have names for the colors black, white, red, and green.
- Hue as opposed to achromatic colors (black, white and greys).
#: He referred to the white flag as one "drained of all color".
- Human skin tone, especially as an indicator of race or ethnicity.
#: Color has been a sensitive issue in many societies.
- figuratively interest, especially in a selective area.
#: a bit of local color.
- In corporate finance, details on sales, profit margins, or other financial figures, especially while reviewing quarterly results when an officer of a company is speaking to investment analyists.
#: Could you give me some color with regards to which products made up the mix of revenue for this quarter?
- physics A property of quarks, with three values called red, green, and blue, which they can exchange by passing gluons.
- Conveying color, as opposed to shades of gray.
#: Color television and movies were considered a great improvement over black and white.
French: en couleur
Hebrew: ×¦××¢×× × (tziv'ony) m, ×¦××¢×× ××ª (tziv'onyt) f
Japanese: âè²ã® (âiro no)
Mandarin: å½©è² (cÇisÃ¨)
- To give something color.
#: We could color the walls red.
- To draw within the boundaries of a line drawing using colored markers or crayons.
#: My kindergartener loves to color.
- context|of a face To become red through increased blood flow.
- To affect without completely changing.
#: That interpretation certainly colors my perception of the book.
- To attribute a quality to.
#: (colloquial) Color me confused.
The late Anglo-French colour, which is the standard UK spelling, has been the usual spelling in Britain since the 14th century and was chosen by w:Samuel Johnson|Dr. Johnson's w:A Dictionary of the English Language|Dictionary of the English Language (1755) along with other Anglo-French spellings such as favour, honour, etc. The Latin spelling color was occasionally used from the 15th century onward, mainly due to Latin influence; it was lemmatized by w:Noah Webster|Webster's w:Webster's Dictionary|American Dictionary of the English Language (1828), along with favor, honor, etc., and is currently the standard U.S. spelling.
In Canada, colour is preferred, but color is not unknown; in Australia, -our endings are the standard, although -or endings had some currency in the past and are still sporadically found in some regions.
The Oxford English Dictionary, second edition (1989), s.v. colour, color, n.<sup>1</sup>
Webster's Third New International Dictionary (1961; repr. 2002), p. 24a.
Pam Peters, The Cambridge Guide to English Usage (2004), pp. 397-398.
color m inv
- apocopic form of|colore|lang=Italian
- color, hue
- rouge (cosmetics)
- pretext, motive, reason
- side, party, faction
- race, ethnicity
- (poker) flush