Complete Definition of "cold"

English

rank|didn't|natural|laid|517|cold|led|low|American

Pronunciation
a|UK IPA|/kəʊld/, SAMPA|/[email protected]/
a|US AHD|kōld, IPA|/koʊld/, SAMPA|/koUld/
audio|en-us-cold.ogg|Audio (US)
Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-əʊld|-əʊld

Etymology
OE. term|cald|lang=ang

Adjective
en-adj|er

  1. context|of a thing having a low temperature.

#:A cold wind whistled through the trees.

  1. context|of the weather causing the air to be cold.

#:The forecast is that it will be very cold today.

  1. context|of a person or animal feeling the sensation of coldness, especially to the point of discomfort.

#:She was so cold she was shivering.

  1. Unfriendly, emotionally distant or unfeeling.

#:She shot me a cold glance before turning her back.

  1. Completely unprepared.

#:The speaker went in cold and floundered for a topic.

Synonyms
sense|of a thing, having a low temperature chilled, chilly, freezing, frigid, glacial, icy
sense|of the weather qualifier|UK|slang brass monkeys, nippy, parky, taters
sense|of a person or animal
sense|unfriendly aloof, distant, hostile, standoffish, unfriendly, unwelcoming
sense|unprepared unprepared, unready

Antonyms
sense|having a low temperature baking, boiling, heated, hot, scorching, searing, torrid, warm
sense|of the weather hot (See the corresponding synonyms of term|hot.)
sense|of a person or animal hot (See the corresponding synonyms of term|hot.)
sense|unfriendly amiable, friendly, welcoming
sense|unprepared prepared, primed, ready

Derived terms
rel-top|Terms derived from the adjective cold
as cold as ice, cold as ice
as cold as the grave, cold as the grave
blow hot and cold
bring someone out in a cold sweat
coldness
cold-blooded
cold call
cold comfort
cold cream
cold cuts
cold-eyed
cold fish
cold front
cold-hearted
cold heart, warm hands
cold-read
cold reading
cold snap
rel-mid

cold start
cold storage
cold store
cold turkey
cold war
cold-weld
come in from the cold
freezing cold
get cold feet
give someone the cold shoulder
in cold blood
in the cold light of day
leave someone cold
leave someone out in the cold
make one's blood run cold
stone-cold
throw cold water on
rel-bottom

Translations
<!--AdjLowTemp-->
trans-top|having a low temperature
Afrikaans: koud
Albanian: ftohtë
Bavarian: koid
Bosnian: t-|bs|hladan|m
Breton: t-|br|yen|xs=Breton
Catalan: fred#Catalan|fred m
Chinese: 冷的 (lěng de)
Croatian: t-|hr|hladan, t-|hr|studen
Danish: t+|da|kold
Dutch: t+|nl|koud, t-|nl|koude, t+|nl|fris, t-|nl|frisse, t-|nl|koel, t-|nl|koele
Esperanto: t-|eo|malvarma|xs=Esperanto
Finnish: t+|fi|kylmä
French: t+|fr|froid|m
German: t+|de|kalt
Greek: t-|el|κρύος|m|trkrýos|scGrek
Guaraní: ro'y
Hebrew: קר (qar) m <!-- Non-lemma forms do not belong in translation tables: קרה (qara) f -->
Hindi: ठंडा (tthandā)
Hungarian: t-|hu|hideg
Indonesian: t+|id|dingin|xs=Indonesian
Interlingua: frigide
Italian: t+|it|freddo|m, t+|it|gelato|m, t-|it|gelido|m
trans-mid
Japanese: 冷たい (つめたい, tsumetai)
Korean: t+|ko|차다|trchada|scHang, t+|ko|춥다|trchupda|scHang i|for suffering
Kurdish: KUchar|سارد
Latin: algidus m, frigidus m
Marathi: थंड (thanda)
Norwegian: t-|no|kald
Polish: t-|pl|zimny|m
Persian FAchar|سرد (sard)
Pitjantjatjara: wari
Portuguese: t+|pt|frio|m
Romanian: t-|ro|frig, t-|ro|rece
Russian: t+|ru|холодный|trxolódnyj|scCyrl
Scottish Gaelic fuar<!-- IPA /fuɘr/ -->
Scots: cauld
Serbian:

Slovene: mrzel m <!-- Non-lemma adjective forms do not belong in translation tables: mrzla f, mrzlo n -->
Spanish: t+|es|frío|m
Swedish: t+|sv|kall
Tagalog: lamig
Telugu: శీతల, చల్లని
Tupinambá: ro'y
Welsh: t-|cy|oer|xs=Welsh
trans-bottom

<!--Weather-->
trans-top|of the weather
French: sense|to be cold t-|fr|faire froid i|idiom in French; there is no translation for the adjective alone
Greek, Modern: sense|it is cold t|el|κάνει κρύο|trkánei krúo|scGrek i|idiom in Greek; there is no translation for the adjective alone
Japanese: 寒い (さむい, samui)
trans-mid
Russian: t-|ru|холодно|trxólodno|scCyrl
Scots: cauld
trans-bottom

<!--Person-->
trans-top|of a person
French: sense|to be cold t-|fr|avoir froid i|idiom in French; there is no translation for the adjective alone
trans-mid
Italian: sense|to be cold t-|it|avere freddo i|idiom in Italian; there is no translation for the adjective alone
Polish: t-|pl|przeziębiony|m
trans-bottom

<!--Unfriendly-->
trans-top|unfriendly
Catalan: fred
Dutch: t+|nl|koud, t-|nl|afstandelijk, t-|nl|koel
German: t-|de|kaltherzig
Finnish: t+|fi|kylmä, t-|fi|kalsea
French: t+|fr|froid|m
Italian: t+|it|freddo|m
trans-mid
Japanese: つれない (tsurenai), 冷たい (つめたい, tsumetai)
Polish: t-|pl|chłodny|m, t-|pl|oziębły|m
Portuguese: t+|pt|frio|m
Serbian hladan m
Swedish: t+|sv|kall
Tagalog: malamíg, manlamíg
Telugu: ప్రఛ్ఛన్న
Welsh: anghynnes, oeraidd
trans-bottom

<!--Unprepared-->
trans-top|unprepared
Dutch: t-|nl|onvoorbereid
Esperanto: t-|eo|malafabla|xs=Esperanto
German: jemand kalt erwischen
Finnish: kylmiltään i|predicative
trans-mid
French: t+|fr|froid|f
Polish: t-|pl|nieprzygotowany
Russian: t-|ru|неприготовленный|trneprigotóvlennyj|scCyrl
Serbian: nespreman m, nepripremljen m
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
<!--Remove this section once all of the translations below have been moved into the tables above.-->
checktrans
ttbc|Breton: yen#Breton|yen (1, 2)
ttbc|Chinese Characters: 冷; 寒; 凚; 凍, 冻; 滄, 沧; 隂; 凔; 凄, 淒; 凓

Noun
en-noun

  1. A condition of low temperature.

#:Come in, out of the cold.

  1. medicine A common, usually harmless, viral illness, usually with congestion of the nasal passages and sometimes fever.

#:I caught a miserable cold and had to stay home for a week.

Synonyms
sense|low temperature coldness
sense|illness coryza, common cold

Derived terms
rel-top|Terms derived from the noun cold
catch cold
catch one's death of cold
cold sore
rel-mid
cold virus
common cold
head cold
rel-bottom

Translations
trans-top|low temperature
Bosnian: t-|bs|zima|f, t-|bs|hladnoća|f
Chinese: 寒冷 (hán lěng)
Czech: t+|cs|zima|f, t-|cs|chlad|m
Dutch: t-|nl|koude|m, t+|nl|kou|m
Finnish: t+|fi|kylmyys, t+|fi|pakkanen, t+|fi|kylmä
French: t+|fr|froid|m
German: t+|de|Kälte|f
Italian: t+|it|freddo|m, t+|it|gelo|m
Kurdish: KUchar|سارد
Lithuanian: vėsa
Polish: t-|pl|zimno|n
Portuguese: t+|pt|frio|m
trans-mid
Russian: t-|ru|холод|m|trxólod|scCyrl
Scottish Gaelic: fuachd m
Serbian:

Slovene: t+|sl|mraz|m, t-|sl|hlad|m
Spanish: t+|es|frío|m
Swedish: t-|sv|kyla|c, t-|sv|köld|c
Tagalog: kalamigán
Telugu: శీతలం
Welsh: oerfel
trans-bottom

trans-top|illness
Chinese: 感冒 (gǎnmào)
Czech: t-|cs|nachlazení|n
Dutch: t-|nl|verkoudheid|f
Finnish: t-|fi|nuha, t-|fi|vilustuminen
French: t-|fr|rhume|f
German: t-|de|Erkältung|f, qualifier|Austrian t-|de|Verkühlung|f
Icelandic: t+|is|kvef|n
Italian: t+|it|raffreddore|m, t+|it|influenza|f
Japanese: 風邪 (かぜ, kaze), 感冒 (かんぼう, kambō)
Polish: t-|pl|przeziębienie|n
trans-mid
Portuguese: t-|pt|constipação|f, t+|pt|resfriado|m
Romanian: t-|ro|gripă|f, t-|ro|răceală|f
Russian: t-|ru|простуда|f|trprostúda|scCyrl
Scottish Gaelic: cnatan m
Serbian: prehlada f
Slovene: t+|sl|prehlad|m
Spanish: t+|es|constipado|m, t+|es|gripe|f, t+|es|gripa|f
Swedish: t-|sv|förkylning|c
Tagalog: sipón
Telugu: జలుబు
Welsh: annwyd
trans-bottom

Anagrams
clod

See also
cool
fresh
lukewarm
tepid

Category:1000 English basic words
Category:Negative words

ang:cold
ar:cold
zh-min-nan:cold
de:cold
el:cold
es:cold
fa:cold
fr:cold
fy:cold
gd:cold
ko:cold
hy:cold
io:cold
id:cold
it:cold
kk:cold
ku:cold
lt:cold
hu:cold
ja:cold
pl:cold
pt:cold
ru:cold
simple:cold
fi:cold
sv:cold
ta:cold
te:cold
vi:cold
tr:cold
uk:cold
zh:cold

Revision and Credits for"cold"
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