Complete Definition of "close"

wikipedia|dab=close
English

rank|turn|hold|cause|418|close|England|sense|ten

Etymology 1
L. claudere

Pronunciation
AHD|klōz
IPA|/kləʊz/ (RP), IPA|/kloʊz/ (US)
SAMPA|/[email protected]/ (RP), SAMPA|/kloUz/ (US)
audio|en-us-close-verb.ogg|Audio (US)

Verb
en-verb|clos|ing

  1. To obstruct (an opening).
  2. To move (a door) so that it closes its opening.

#: Close the door behind you when you leave.

  1. To put an end to.

#: close the session

  1. To make (a gap) smaller.

#: The runner in second place is closing the gap on the leader.

  1. surveying To have a vector sum of 0; that is, to form a closed polygon.

Synonyms
(obstruct (an opening)): close off, close up, cover, shut, shut off
(move (a door)): shut
(put an end to): end, finish, terminate, wind up, close down
(make (a gap) smaller):

Antonyms
(obstruct (an opening)): open
(move (a door)): open
(put an end to): begin, commence, initiate, start
(make (a gap) smaller): extend, widen

Translations
trans-top|obstruct (an opening)
Crimean Tatar: capmak
Ewe: xe
trans-mid
Russian: t|ru|закрывать|trzakryvát'|scCyrl impf, t|ru|закрыть|trzakrýt'|scCyrl pf
Telugu: మూయు (mooyu)
trans-bottom

trans-top|move (a door)
Czech: t-|cs|zavřít
Danish: lukke
Dutch: t+|nl|sluiten
Esperanto: t+|eo|fermi|xs=Esperanto
Ewe: tu
Finnish: t+|fi|sulkea
French: t+|fr|fermer
Galego: pechar
German: t+|de|schließen
Hebrew: לסגור (lisgor)
Ido: Klozar
Indonesian: tutup
Interlingua: clauder
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|chiudere
Japanese: 閉じる (とじる, tojiru), 閉める (しめる, shimeru)
Korean: 닫다 (datda)
Maltese: agħlaq
Norwegian: lukke, stenge
Polish: t+|pl|zamknąć, t+|pl|zamykać
Portuguese: t+|pt|fechar, t+|pt|cerrar
Romanian: t-|ro|închide
Romansch: serrar
Russian: t|ru|закрывать|trzakryvát'|scCyrl impf, t|ru|закрыть|trzakrýt'|scCyrl pf
Scottish Gaelic: dùin
Slovene: t+|sl|zapreti
Spanish: t+|es|cerrar
Swedish: t+|sv|stänga
Telugu: మూయు (మూయు)
trans-bottom

trans-top|put an end to
Dutch: t+|nl|sluiten, t-|nl|beëindigen
Esperanto: t+|eo|fermi|xsEsperanto, t-|eo|fini|xsEsperanto
Finnish: t+|fi|lopettaa, t+|fi|sulkea
French: clore, mettre fin à, terminer
Galician: rematar, terminar, pór fin
Hebrew: לסגור (Li'sgor)
Indonesian: tutup
trans-mid
Interlingua: clauder, concluder, terminar
Italian: t+|it|concludere, t+|it|terminare
Japanese: 閉じる (とじる, tojiru), 閉める (しめる, shimeru)
Maltese: temm
Norwegian: t-|no|avslutte
Polish: zamknąć, zamykać
Portuguese: fechar, encerrar, concluir, terminar
Romanian: t+|ro|termina, t+|ro|finisa
Romansch: finir
Russian: t|ru|закрывать|trzakryvát'|scCyrl impf, t|ru|закрыть|trzakrýt'|scCyrl pf; t|ru|заканчивать|trzakánčivat'|scCyrl impf, t|ru|закончить|trzakónčit'|scCyrl pf; t|ru|завершать|trzav'eršát'|scCyrl impf, t|ru|завершить|trzav'eršíit'|scCyrl pf
Swedish: t+|sv|avsluta
Telugu: ముగించు (mugiMchu)
trans-bottom
trans-top|To make (a gap) smaller
trans-mid
Russian: t|ru|сокращать|trsokraš'át'|scCyrl impf, t|ru|сократить|trsokratít'|scCyrl pf
trans-bottom

Noun
en-noun

  1. An end of something.

#: We owe them our thanks for bringing the project to a successful close.

Synonyms
(end): end, finale

Antonyms
(end): beginning, start

Translations
trans-top|end of something
French: t+|fr|fin|f
trans-mid
Italian: t+|it|fine|f
Russian: t|ru|закрытие|n|trzakrýtije|scCyrl, t|ru|завершение|n|trzav'eršenije|scCyrl, t|ru|окончание|n|trokončánije|scCyrl
trans-bottom

Etymology 2
L. clausus

Pronunciation
AHD|klōs
IPA|/kləʊs/ (RP), IPA|/kloʊs/ (US)
SAMPA|/[email protected]/ (RP), SAMPA|/kloUs/ (US)
audio|en-us-close-adj.ogg|Audio (US)

Adjective
en-adj|clos|er

  1. At a little distance; near.

#: Is your house close?

  1. Intimate; well-loved.

#: He is a close friend.
#: law Of a corporation or other business entity, closely held.

  1. context|Ireland|weather hot, humid.

Synonyms
(at a little distance): close by, near, nearby
(intimate): intimate

Antonyms
(at a little distance): distant, far, far away, far off
(intimate): aloof, cool, distant

Derived terms
closely pos_adv
closeness pos_n
close-up pos_n

Translations
rfc-level|Translations at L3+ (AutoFormat? would have corrected level of Derived terms)
trans-top|at a little distance
Arabic: ARchar|قريب (qareeb)
Czech: t+|cs|blízký|m
Dutch: nabije
Esperanto: t-|eo|proksima|xs=Esperanto
Finnish: t+|fi|läheinen
French: t+|fr|proche|m|f
Georgian: ახლო (akhlo)
German: t+|de|nah
Hebrew: קרוב (qarov) m, קרובה (qrova) f
Ido: proxim
trans-mid
Indonesian: t+|id|dekat|xs=Indonesian
Interlingua: proxime, vicin
Italian: t+|it|vicino|m, t-|it|vicina|f
Japanese: 近い (ちかい, chikai)
Kurdish: KUchar|نزیک
Norwegian: t-|no|nær
Portuguese: t+|pt|próximo, t+|pt|vizinho, t+|pt|perto
Russian: t+|ru|близкий|trblízkij|scCyrl
Slovene: t+|sl|blizu
Swedish: t+|sv|nära
trans-bottom

trans-top|intimate
Czech: t+|cs|blízký|m
trans-mid
Russian: t+|ru|близкий|trblízkij|scCyrl
trans-bottom

Noun
en-noun

  1. UK: A street that ends in a dead end.

Synonyms
(street): cul-de-sac

Translations
trans-top|street
French: t+|fr|cul-de-sac|m
trans-mid
Russian: t|ru|тупик|m|trtupík|scCyrl
trans-bottom

Category:English ergative verbs
Category:English heteronyms


French

Verb form
close

  1. first- and third-person singular subjunctive present of clore
  2. feminine of clos

et:close
el:close
es:close
fr:close
hy:close
io:close
it:close
lt:close
hu:close
ja:close
pl:close
pt:close
ru:close
simple:close
fi:close
ta:close
te:close
vi:close
tr:close
zh:close

Revision and Credits for"close"
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