Complete Definition of "chalk"

Image:Chalk.jpg|thumb|right|Colorful chalk used for writing or drawing.
wikipedia
English

Alternative spellings
chaulk (Commonwealth)

Etymology
Old English cealc, borrowed from L. calx#Latin|calx, limestone, borrowed from Gr. χάλιξ, pebble.

Pronunciation
w:AHD|AHD: chôk

{| border1 cellpadding5
! !! w:International Phonetic Alphabet|IPA !! w:SAMPA|SAMPA
|-
! GenAm?
| /ʧɑk/ || /tSAk/
|-
! RP
| /ʧɔːk/ || /tSO:k/
|}
audio|en-us-chalk.ogg|Audio (US)
Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-ɔːk|-ɔːk

Noun
chalk (uncountable and countable; plural chalks)

  1. uncountable A soft, white, powdery limestone.
  2. countable A piece of chalk, or, more often, processed compressed chalk, that is used for drawing and for writing on a blackboard.
  3. Tailor's chalk.
  4. uncountable (climbing) A white powdery substance used to prevent hands slipping from holds when climbing.
  5. US,military,countable A platoon-sized group of airborne soldiers

wikipedia|chalk (military)

Translations
trans-top|a soft, white, powdery limestone
Bosnian: t-|bs|kreda|f
Chinese: 白堊, 白垩 (bái è)
Czech: t-|cs|křída|f
Dutch: t+|nl|krijt|n
Esperanto: t-|eo|kreto|xs=Esperanto
Finnish: liitukivi
French: t+|fr|craie|f
German: t+|de|Kreide|f
Greek: κρητίδα [kriˈtiða] f
Icelandic: krítarsteinn m
Irish: t-|ga|cailc|f|xs=Irish
Italian: t+|it|gesso|m, t+|it|creta|f
Japanese: 白亜 (はくあ, hakua)
trans-mid
Kurdish:
Portuguese: t+|pt|cal|f
Polish: t+|pl|kreda|f
Russian: мел (měl) m
Serbian

Slovene: t+|sl|kreda|f
Spanish: t-|es|creta|f
Telugu: సుద్ద (sudda)
trans-bottom

trans-top|a piece of chalk used for drawing and on a blackboard
Bosnian: t-|bs|kreda|f
Catalan: guix m
Chinese: 粉筆, 粉笔 (fěn bǐ)
Czech: t-|cs|křída|f
Dutch: krijt n, krijtje n
Esperanto: t-|eo|kreto|xs=Esperanto
Finnish: t-|fi|liitu
French: t+|fr|craie|f
German: t+|de|Kreide|f
Greek: κιμωλία [cimo̞ˈliˌa] f, τεμπεσίρι [ˌte̞(m)be̞ˈsiri] (from Turkish tebeşir) n
Hebrew: גיר (gyr) m
Icelandic: t-|is|krít|f
Irish: t-|ga|cailc|f|xs=Irish
Italian: gessetto m
trans-mid
Japanese: チョーク (chōku)
Korean: t-|ko|분필|sc=Hang
Kurdish:
Latvian: krīts m
Polish: t+|pl|kreda|f
Portuguese: t+|pt|giz|m
Russian: мел (měl) m
Serbian

Slovene: t+|sl|kreda|f
Spanish: tiza f, gis m italbrac|Mexico
Telugu: సుద్దముక్క (suddamukka)
Turkish: t+|tr|tebeşir
trans-bottom

trans-top|tailor's chalk

Chinese: 粉片, 粉片 (fěn piàn)
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|… prevent from falling when climbing
Catalan: magnèsia f
Finnish: t-|fi|liitu, t+|fi|magnesium
trans-mid
Polish: magnezja f
Turkish: t+|tr|magnezyum
trans-bottom

<!--Remove this section once all of the translations below have been moved into the tables above.-->
checktrans-top
ttbc|Arabic: طبشورة
ttbc|Breton: kleiz m (1, 2)
ttbc|Indonesian: kapur tulis
ttbc|Isthmus Zapotec: yuya
ttbc|Latin: calx#Latin|calx f
ttbc|Persian: FAchar|گچ (gac)
trans-bottom

Verb
en-verb

  1. To apply chalk to anything, such as the tip of a billiards cue
  2. To record something, as on a blackboard, using chalk.
  3. To use powdered chalk to mark the lines on a playing field.
  4. figuratively To record a score or event, as if on a chalkboard.

Derived terms
chalk up to
chalky

Related terms
calcium
calx
chalkboard

Category:1000 English basic words
Category:Climbing

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Revision and Credits for"chalk"
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