Complete Definition of "chain"

wikipedia
English
Image:Chain.agr.jpg|thumb|right|metal chains
Image:Daisy_chain.JPG|thumb|right|a chain of daisies
Image:PMMA-chain.png|thumb|right|molecular chain for acrylic

Etymology
From OF. chaeine (French: chaîne), from L. catena.

Pronunciation
IPA|/'ʧe:jn/
audio|en-us-chain.ogg|Audio (US)

Noun
en-noun

  1. A series of interconnected rings or links usually made of metal.

#: He wore a gold chain around the neck.

  1. A series of interconnected things.

#: This led to an unfortunate chain of events.

  1. A series of stores or businesses with the same brand name.

#: That chain of restaurants is expanding into our town.

  1. A number of atoms in a series, which combine to form a molecule.

#: When examined, the molecular chain included oxygen and hydrogen.

  1. surveying A series of interconnected links of known length, used as a measuring device.
  2. surveying A long measuring tape.
  3. A unit of length equal to 22 yards. The length of a commonly used surveying chain. The length of a cricket pitch. Equal to 17.85 metres. Equal to 4 rods.

Derived terms
top2
chain gang
chain letter
chain lightning
chainlink fence
chain mail
chain of command
chain of events
chain of production
chain of thought
chain pickerel
chainplate
mid2
chain reaction
chain rule
chainsaw, chain saw
chain shot
chain-smoke
chain smoker
chain stitch
chain store
daisy chain
food chain

Translations
trans-top|A series of interconnected rings or links
trreq|Albanian
trreq|Arabic
Breton: chadenn f
Bulgarian: веÑига f
Chinese: é,é¾ (liàn); éæ¢, é¾æ¡ (liàn tiáo)
Czech: ÅetÄz m
Dutch: ketting f, keten f, aaneenrijging f
trreq|Esperanto
Finnish: ketju, kettinki
French: chaîne f
German: Kette f
Hebrew: שרשרת (sharshéret) f
Hungarian: lánc
Italian: catena#Italian|catena f
trans-mid
Japanese: é (ããã, kusari), ãã§ã¼ã³ (chÄn)
trreq|Korean
Latin: catena f
Latvian: Ä·Äde f
trreq|Lithuanian
Malay: rantai
trreq|Mongolian
Polish: ÅaÅcuch m
Portuguese: cadeia f, corrente f
trreq|Romanian
Russian: ÑÐµÐ¿Ñ (tsepâ) f, ÑепоÑка (tsepóÄka) f
Slovene: veriga f
Spanish: cadena f
trreq|Turkish
trans-bottom

trans-top|A series of interconnected things
Breton: chadenn f
Bulgarian: веÑига f, поÑедиÑа f
Czech: ÅetÄz m, ÅetÄzec m, zÅetÄzení n (fig.)
Dutch: aaneenschakeling f, opeenvolging f
Finnish: ketju
French: chaîne f
German: Kette f
trans-mid
Hebrew: שרשרת (sharshéret) f
Japanese: é£ç¶ (ãããã, renzoku)
Malay: rentetan
Polish: ÅaÅcuch m
Portuguese: cadeia f
Russian: ÑÐµÐ¿Ñ (tsepâ) f, поÑледоваÑелÑноÑÑÑ (poslédovatelânostâ) f
Slovene: veriga f
trans-bottom

trans-top|A series of stores or businesses with the same brand name
Bulgarian: веÑига f
Czech: ÅetÄzec m
Dutch: keten f
French: chaîne f
Finnish: ketju, kauppaketju
German: Kette f
Hebrew: רשת (réshet) f
trans-mid
Italian: catena#Italian|catena f
Japanese: ãã§ã¼ã³ (chÄn)
Polish: sieÄ f
Portuguese: cadeia f
Russian: ÑеÑÑ (setâ) f
Slovene: veriga f
trans-bottom

trans-top|A number of atoms in a series, which combine to form a molecule
Breton: chadenn f
Bulgarian: веÑига f
Czech: ÅetÄzec m
French: chaîne f
German: Kette f
trans-mid
Latvian: virkne f
Portuguese: cadeia f
Russian: ÑепоÑка (tsepóÄka) f
Slovene: veriga f
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
checktrans

ttbc|Croatian: lanac m
ttbc|Hungarian: lánc
ttbc|Indonesian: rantai
ttbc|Interlingua: catena
ttbc|Korean: ì¬ì¬ (saseul)
mid
ttbc|Latin: catena#Latin|catena f
ttbc|Malayalam: à´à´àµà´à´²
ttbc|Romanian: lanţ n, lanţuri n pl
ttbc|Swedish: kedja c
ttbc|Telugu: à°à±à°²à±à°¸à±

Verb
en-verb

  1. transitive To fasten something with a chain
  2. intransitive To link multiple items together
  3. transitive To secure someone with fetters
  4. transitive To obstruct the mouth of a river etc with a chain
  5. computing To relate data items with a chain of pointers; to be chained to another data item
  6. transitive To measure a distance using a 66-foot long chain, as in land surveying

Translations
trans-top|To link together
Hebrew: ×שרשר (lesharshér)
trans-mid
trans-bottom

References
R:Century 1911
R:Webster 1913
OED 2nd edition 1989

Category:1000 English basic words
Category:Units of measure

ar:chain
de:chain
el:chain
es:chain
fa:chain
fr:chain
hy:chain
io:chain
id:chain
it:chain
hu:chain
pl:chain
ru:chain
simple:chain
fi:chain
ta:chain
te:chain
vi:chain
tr:chain
zh:chain

Revision and Credits for"chain"
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