Complete Definition of "bow"

English

Pronunciation 1
a|RP AHD|bÅ, IPA|/bÉÊ/, SAMPA|/[email protected]/
a|US AHD|bÅ, IPA|/boÊ/, SAMPA|/boU/
:Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-ÉÊ|-ÉÊ

Etymology 1
rfc-level|Etymology not at level 3
Old English term|boga, from Germanic *term||bugan-. Cognate with Dutch term|boog, German term|Bogen, Swedish term|båge.

Noun
Image:Hun bow.jpg|thumb|a bow (1)
en-noun

  1. A weapon made of a curved piece of wood or other flexible material whose ends are connected by a string, used for shooting arrows.
  2. A bow-shaped bend in a rod or planar surface, or in a linear formation such as a river (see oxbow).
  3. A rod with horsehair (or an artificial substitute) stretched between the ends, used for playing various stringed musical instruments.
  4. A musical bow.
  5. A type of knot with two loops, used to tie together two cords such as shoelaces, apron strings, etc.

Synonyms
sense|bow-shaped bend arc, bend, curve
sense|tool for playing stringed instruments fiddlestick

Derived terms
bow and arrow
bowman
composite bow
compound bow
crossbow
longbow
oxbow
rainbow
shortbow
bow tie<!--(noun sense "knot with two loops")-->

Translations
trans-top|weapon used for shooting arrows
Albanian: hark m
Bosnian: luk#Bosnian|luk m
Catalan: arc m
Chinese Characters: å¼ (gÅng)
Chinese traditional/simplified: å¼, å¼ (gÅng)
Croatian: luk#Croatian|luk m
Czech: luk#Czech|luk m
Danish: bue c
Dutch: boog m
Esperanto: arko
Estonian: vibu
Finnish: jousi
French: arc#French|arc m
German: Bogen m
Hebrew: קֶשֶת (keshet) f
Hungarian: íj
Icelandic: bogi m
Italian: arco m
trans-mid
Japanese: å¼ (ãã¿, yumi)
Kurdish: kevan m
Latin: arcus m
Malayalam: വിലàµà´²àµ (villu)
Norwegian: bue, boge m
Polish: Åuk m
Portuguese: arco m
Romanian: arc f and m
Russian: лÑк#Russian|лÑк (luk) m
Scottish Gaelic: bogha m, bogha-saighde m
Serbian:
:Cyrillic: лÑк#Serbian|лÑк m
:Roman: luk#Serbian|luk m
Slovak: luk#Slovak|luk m
Slovene: lok#Slovene|lok m
Spanish: t+|es|arco|m
Swedish: båge c, pilbåge c
Telugu: విలà±à°²à± (villu), ధనà±à°¸à±à°¸à± (shanussu)
Turkish: yay
trans-bottom

trans-top|bend in a rod or planar surface
Catalan: corba
Chinese traditional/simplified: å½æ², å¼¯æ² (wÄn qÅ«)
Danish: bue
Dutch: boog m
Finnish: kaari
French: arc m
trans-mid
German: Bogen m
Hebrew: קֶשֶת (keshet) f
Icelandic: bogi m
Polish: t|pl|zgiÄcie|n, t|pl|zagiÄcie|n
Russian: излÑÑина (izlúÄina) (of a river) f
Swedish: båge c, krökning c, rundning c
trans-bottom

trans-top|rod used for playing stringed instruments
Afrikaans: strykstok
Breton: gwareg f
Catalan: arc
Chinese traditional/simplified: 弦æ¨å¨çå¼, 弦ä¹å¨çå¼ (xián yuè qì de gÅng)
Danish: bue
Dutch: strijkstok m
Esperanto: arÄo
Finnish: jousi
French: archet m
Frisian: strykstôk
German: Bogen m
Hebrew: קֶשֶת (keshet) f
Hungarian: vonó
Icelandic: bogi m
Italian: arco m
trans-mid
Japanese: å¼ (ãã¿, yumi)
Lithuanian: smiÄius m
Polish: smyczek m
Portuguese: arco m
Russian: ÑмÑÑок (smyÄók) m
Scottish Gaelic: bogha m, slatag f
Slovak: sláÄik m
Slovene: lok m
Spanish: arco m
Swedish: stråke c
Turkish: yay
trans-bottom

trans-top|musical bow
:See musical bow
trans-bottom

trans-top|type of knot with two loops
Chinese traditional/simplified: è´è¶çµ, è´è¶ç» (hú dié jié)
Danish: sløjfe
Finnish: rusetti, nauharuusuke
German: Schleife f
Icelandic: slaufa f
trans-mid
Japanese: è¶çµã³ (ã¡ããããã³, chÅmusubi)
Polish: t|pl|kokarda
Russian: банÑик (bántik) f
Spanish: t|es|lazo|m
Swedish: rosett c
trans-bottom

Verb
en-verb

  1. To play music on (a stringed instrument) using a bow.

#:The musician bowed his violin expertly.

Translations
trans-top|to play music on using a bow
Chinese traditional/simplified: ç¨å¼ææ², ç¨å¼ææ² (yòng gÅng lÄ qÇ)
Danish: bruge buen
Dutch: strijken
German: streichen
trans-mid
Icelandic: strjúka
Japanese: ãã¦ã¤ã³ã°ãã, (bÅing suru)
Polish: t|pl|prowadziÄ smyczek
trans-bottom

Pronunciation 2
AHD|bou, IPA|/baÊ/, SAMPA|/baU/
:Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-aÊ|-aÊ

Etymology 2
Old English term|bugan|būgan, from Germanic *term||beugan. Cognate with Dutch term|buigen, German term|biegen.

Noun
en-noun

  1. A gesture, usually showing respect, made by bending forward at the waist.

Translations
trans-top|gesture made by bending forward at the waist
Chinese traditional/simplified: é èº¬, é èº¬ (jú gÅng)
Danish: buk
Dutch: buiging f
Finnish: kumarrus
French: révérence f
German: Verbeugung f
Hebrew: ק××× (qida) f
trans-mid
Icelandic: hneiging f
Japanese: è¾å (ãã, jigi)
Malayalam: à´àµà´¨à´¿à´¯àµà´ (kuniyuka)
Polish: t|pl|ukÅoniÄ siÄ
Portuguese: reverência f
Russian: поклон (poklón) m
Serbian: naklon, pognuti, klanjati
Spanish: t-|es|reverencia|f
Swedish: bockning c, bugning c
trans-bottom

Verb
en-verb

  1. intransitive To become bent or curved.

#:The shelf bowed under the weight of the books.

  1. intransitive To bend oneself as a gesture of respect or deference.
  2. transitive To make something bend or curve.

Translations
trans-top|to become bent
Catalan: corbar-se, doblegar-se, vinclar-se, blincar-se (dialectal)
Chinese traditional/simplified: å½æ², å¼¯æ² (wÄn qÅ«)
Crimean Tatar: kambıraymak
Danish: bue
Dutch: buigen
Finnish: taipua
French: fléchir, courber
German: sich biegen, sich verbiegen
trans-mid
Hebrew: ××ת××פף (le'hitkofef)
Icelandic: bogna, svigna, bugast
Italian: curvarsi
Polish: t|pl|ukÅoniÄ siÄ
Russian: гнÑÑÑÑÑ (gnút's'a)
Spanish: t-|es|arquear|alt=arquearse
Swedish: böja, kröka
trans-bottom

trans-top|to bend oneself as a gesture of respect or deference
Catalan: corbar, doblegar, vinclar, blincar (dialectal)
Chinese traditional/simplified: é èº¬, é èº¬ (jú gÅng)
Danish: bukke, bøje sig
Dutch: een buiging maken, buigen
Finnish: kumartaa, kumartua
French: s'incliner, faire une révérence
German: sich verbeugen, eine Verbeugung machen
Hebrew: ×ק×× (la'qud)
trans-mid
Icelandic: hneigja sig
Italian: inchinarsi
Japanese: è¾åãã (ãããã, jigi suru)
ttbc|Korean: t|ko|í리를 êµ½íë¤|trheorireul gupida|scHang
Russian: поклониÑÑÑÑ/кланÑÑÑÑÑ (poklonít's'a/klán'at's'a)
Spanish: t-|es|doblar, t-|es|inclinar|alt=inclinarse
Swedish: bocka, bocka sig, buga, buga sig
trans-bottom

trans-top|to bend a thing
Chinese traditional/simplified: å¼å½, å¼å½ (nòng wÄn)
Danish: bøje
Dutch: buigen
Finnish: taivuttaa
French: courber
Hebrew: ×××פף (le'khofef)
trans-mid
Icelandic: beygja, sveigja
Italian: curvare, piegare
Polish: t|pl|zgiÄÄ
Russian: гнÑÑÑ (gnút')
Spanish: t-|es|doblar
trans-bottom

checktrans
trans-top|translations to be checked
ttbc|Breton: gwareg f (1)
ttbc|Frisian: bûging
ttbc|Frisian: bûge
ttbc|Frisian: in bûging meitsjen
ttbc|Frisian: bôge
ttbc|Ido: kurv-igar
ttbc|Lithuanian: lankas m (1)
ttbc|Polish: wygiÄcie n (2)
ttbc|Polish: ukÅon m
ttbc|Polish: wyginaÄ siÄ imperf, wygiÄÄ siÄ perf
ttbc|Polish: kÅaniaÄ siÄ (imperfect), skÅoniÄ siÄ (perfect)
trans-bottom

Derived terms
bow down
bow out
bow and scrape

Etymology 3
Low German.

Noun
Image:Bow (PSF).png|thumb|The bow of a ship.
en-noun

  1. nautical The front of a boat or ship.

Synonyms
sense|of a ship prow

Antonyms
sense|of a ship aft, poop, stern

Derived terms
bow shock<!--(derived from noun sense "the front of a boat or ship")-->

Translations
trans-top| front of a boat or ship
Catalan: proa f, prora f (latinism)
Danish: bov
Dutch: boeg m
Esperanto: pruo
Finnish: keula, kokka
French: étrave, proue f
Frisian: boech
German: Bug#German|Bug m
Hungarian: hajóorr
Icelandic: kjölur m
trans-mid
Ido: pruo
Italian: prua f
Norwegian: baug
Polish: dziób m
Portuguese: proa f
Russian: Ð½Ð¾Ñ (nos) m
Slovak: prova
Spanish: t+|es|proa|f
Swedish: bog c, för c, stäv c
trans-bottom

See also
coll'arco<!--musical term-->
curtsy
kowtow
w:Bow (weapon)|Wikipedia article on bows (weapons)
w:Bow (music)|Wikipedia article on bows used to play string instruments
w:Bow (knot)|Wikipedia article on bows (the knots)
w:Musical bow|Wikipedia article on musical bows
w:Bowing (social)|Wikipedia article on bows, the gestures of respect
w:Bow (ship)|Wikipedia article on the bows of ships

Category:Archery
Category:English heteronyms

ar:bow
fa:bow
fr:bow
io:bow
it:bow
hu:bow
pl:bow
ru:bow
fi:bow
ta:bow
te:bow
vi:bow
tr:bow
zh:bow

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