Complete Definition of "bitter"

wikipedia|dab=bitter
English

Etymology
OE. #Old English|bitter

Pronunciation
IPA|/ËbɪtÉ/ italbrac|RP
IPA|/ËbɪtÉr/ italbrac|US
audio|en-us-bitter.ogg|Audio (US)
Rhymes: Rhymes:English:-ɪtÉ(r)|-ɪtÉ(r)

Homophones
bidder italbrac|in some dialects

Adjective
en-adj|bitterer|bitterest|more

  1. Having an acrid taste (usually from a base|basic substance)

#: The coffee was bitter.

  1. harsh|Harsh, piercing or stinging

#: A bitter wind blew from the north.
#: 1999: It was at the end of February, ... when the world was cold, and a bitter wind howled down the moors.... — Neil Gaiman, Stardust, pg. 31 (Perennial paperback edition)

  1. hateful|Hateful or hostile

#: They're bitter enemies.

  1. cynical|Cynical and resentful

#: I've been bitter ever since that defeat.

Usage notes
The one-word comparative form term|bitterer and superlative form term|bitterest exist, but are less common than their two-word counterparts term||more bitter and term||most bitter.

Translations
trans-top|having an acrid taste (1)
Albanian: hidhur
Bosnian: t-|bs|gorak|m
Bulgarian: t+|bg|гоÑÑив|sc=Cyrl
Catalan: amarg
Chinese Traditional/Simplified: è¦æ¾, è¦æ¶©
Croatian: gorak m; trpak m; opor m
Czech: t-|cs|hoÅký|m
Danish: t-|da|bitter
Dutch: t+|nl|bitter
Ewe: veve
Fijian: qona
Finnish: t+|fi|kitkerä, t+|fi|karvas
French: t+|fr|amer
German: t+|de|bitter
Guaraní: ro#Guaraní|ro
Hebrew: he-translation|×ר|már m, he-translation|×ר×|mará f; he-translation|×ר×ר|marír m, he-translation|×ר×ר×|merirá f
Hungarian: t+|hu|keserű
Italian: t+|it|amaro|m, t+|it|amara|f
trans-mid
Japanese: JAchar|è¦ã (JAchar|ã«ãã, nigai)
Kurdish:
Latin: t-|la|amarus
Marathi: à¤à¤¡à¥ (kadÅ«)
Polish: gorzki
Portuguese: t+|pt|amargo
Romanian: t-|ro|amar
Russian: t+|ru|гоÑÑкий|trgór'kij|scCyrl
Serbian:

Slovak: t-|sk|horký
Slovene: grenak m, grenka f, grenko n
Spanish: t+|es|amargo
Swedish: t-|sv|bitter
Telugu: à°à±à°¦à± (chaedu)
Tongan: kava
trans-bottom

trans-top|harsh, piercing or stinging (2)
Bulgarian: t+|bg|оÑÑÑÑ|sc=Cyrl
Danish: bidende
Dutch: t+|nl|scherp
Italian: aspro m, aspra f (of weather gelido)
trans-mid
Japanese: JAchar|æ¿ãã (JAchar|ã¯ããã, hageshii)
Marathi: तà¥à¤µà¥à¤° (teewra), à¤à¤à¥à¤° (ugra)
Latin: t+|la|acerbus
trans-bottom

trans-top|hateful or hostile (3)
Bulgarian: t+|bg|злобен|scCyrl, t+|bg|вÑаждебен|scCyrl
Croatian: ljut m
Danish: t-|da|bitter
Dutch: t+|nl|bitter
Finnish: katkera
German: erbittert
trans-mid
Latin: t-|la|asper
Marathi: à¤à¤à¥à¤à¤° (kaTTar)
Swedish: t-|sv|bitter
trans-bottom

trans-top|cynical and resentful (4)
Bulgarian: t+|bg|ÑиниÑен|sc=Cyrl
Croatian: ogorÄen m
Danish: #Danish|bitter, forbitret
Dutch: verbitterd
Finnish: katkera
French: t+|fr|amer
German: verbittert
Hebrew: he-translation|×ר×ר|marír m, he-translation|×ר×ר×|merirá f
trans-mid
Latin: t-|la|amarus
Slovene: zagrenjen m, zagrenjena f, zagrenjeno n
Spanish: amargado
Swedish: t-|sv|bitter
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
checktrans

ttbc|CJKV Characters: è¾
ttbc|Breton: c'hwerv
ttbc|Hindi: à¤à¤¡à¥à¤µà¤¾ (ka.duvÄ)
ttbc|Indonesian: pahit, getir
ttbc|Interlingua: acerbe, amar
mid
ttbc|Romanian: amar m, amarÄ f
ttbc|Hungarian: keserű
ttbc|Telugu: à°à±à°¦à± (cEdu)
ttbc|Urdu: URchar|Ú©ÚÙا (ka.duvÄ)
ttbc|Volapük: biedik

Noun
en-noun

  1. (usually in the plural bitters) A liquid or powder, made from bitter herbs, used in mixed drinks or as a tonic.
  2. A type of beer heavily flavored with hops.

Translations
trans-top|Liquid or powder used in mixed drinks or as tonic
Danish: t-|da|bitter
trans-mid
trans-bottom

trans-top|Type of beer
Danish: t-|da|bitter
trans-mid
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
checktrans

mid
Kurdish: KUchar|تاڵÛ
Spanish: bíter m

Category:1000 English basic words
Category:Alcoholic beverages
Category:Taste


Danish

Etymology 1
From German #German|bitter

Adjective
bitter, bitrere, bitrest

  1. #English|bitter (all meanings)

Related terms
bitterhed
forbitret

Noun
bitter c

  1. #English|bitter (the liquid used in drinks)
  2. A bitter form of an aquavit

Etymology 2
From English #English|bitter

Noun
bitter c

  1. #English|bitter (type of beer - only known generally in Denmark for a few years)

Category:Danish adjectives
Category:Danish nouns


Dutch

Adjective
bitter, bitterder, meest bitter

  1. Having an acrid taste (see above)

Translations
English: bitter

Related terms
verbitterd


German

Etymology
Old High German bittar

Adjective
de-adj|comparativebitterer|superlativebittersten

  1. bitter

Category:German adjectives
Category:de:Taste


Italian

Noun
bitter m inv

  1. bitters

Old English

Etymology
Maybe from the verb *bitan

Adjective
bitter

  1. bitter

Category:Old English adjectives


Swedish

Adjective
sv-adj-reg|3=bittr
bitter

  1. #English|bitter; having an acrid taste
  2. #English|bitter; hateful
  3. #English|bitter; resentful

ar:bitter
de:bitter
es:bitter
fr:bitter
gl:bitter
ko:bitter
hy:bitter
io:bitter
it:bitter
hu:bitter
nl:bitter
no:bitter
pl:bitter
pt:bitter
ru:bitter
simple:bitter
fi:bitter
ta:bitter
te:bitter
vi:bitter
tr:bitter
zh:bitter

Revision and Credits for"bitter"
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