Complete Definition of "abash"

English

Etymology
From Old English abaissen, abaisshen, abashen, from Old French esbahir, formed from es + bair "to astonish".
Known cognates: French ébahir "to astonish".

Pronunciation
RP:

  • IPA|/əˈbæʃ/

audio|en-us-abash.ogg|Audio (US)

Verb
en-verb|abash|es

  1. transitive To make ashamed; to embarrass; to destroy the self-possession of; to confuse or confound, as by exciting suddenly a consciousness of guilt, mistake, or inferiority; to put to shame; to disconcert; to discomfit.

#* He was a man whom no check could abash. - Macaulay.

  1. intransitive obsolete To lose self-possession; to become ashamed.

Synonyms
confuse
confound
disconcert
shame
humiliate
embarrass

Usage notes
Of abash, confuse, confound: Abash is a stronger word than confuse, but not so strong as confound.

  • We are abashed when struck either with sudden shame or with a humbling sense of inferiority; as, Peter was abashed by the look of his Master. So a modest youth is abashed in the presence of those who are greatly his superiors.
  • We are confused when, from some unexpected or startling occurrence, we lose clearness of thought and self-possession. Thus, a witness is often confused by a severe cross-examination; a timid person is apt to be confused in entering a room full of strangers.
  • We are confounded when our minds are overwhelmed, as it were, by something wholly unexpected, amazing, dreadful, etc., so that we have nothing to say. Thus, a criminal is usually confounded at the discovery of his guilt.

::* Satan stood Awhile as mute, confounded what to say. - John Milton

Derived terms
abashed
abashedly
abashedness
abashless
abashment

Translations
trans-top|to make ashamed, to embarrass
Dutch: beschamen
Finnish: saattaa häpeilemään, saattaa hämille
French: confondre
German: beschämen
Interlingua: confunder
Japanese: 狼狽させる(ろうばいさせる, roubaisaseru)
trans-mid
Macedonian: звунува (zbunuva)
Norwegian: gjøre skamfull
Portuguese: envergonhar, confundir
Spanish: confundir
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
checktrans
ttbc|Vietnamese: làm bối rối, làm lúng túng, làm luống cuống

Shorthand

Gregg (Version: Centennial,Series 90, DJS,Simplified,Anniversary,Pre-Anniversary): a - b - a - sh

am:abash
ar:abash
fa:abash
fr:abash
it:abash
ta:abash
vi:abash
tr:abash
uk:abash
zh:abash

Revision and Credits for"abash"
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