Complete Definition of "abandon"

English

Pronunciation
(UK) IPA|/ÉËbændÉn/
audio|en-us-abandon.ogg|Audio (US)

Etymology 1
From OF. abandoner, formed from à + bandon âjurisdiction, controlâ, from ML. bannum âproclamationâ, from Frankish *ban, from PG. *bannan âproclaim, commandâ ( > English ban), from Proto-Indo-European *bha- âto speakâ.

Verb
en-verb

  1. transitive To give up control of, to surrender.

#* Hope was overthrown, yet could not be abandoned. â I. Taylor

  1. transitive To leave behind, to desert.

#: Many baby girls have been abandoned on the streets of Beijing everyday.

  1. context|transitive|obsolete To cast out|cast or drive out; to banish; to expel; to reject.

#* 1594: Being all this time abandoned from your bed. â Shakespeare, The Taming of the Shrew, I-ii

  1. transitive To relinquish a claim to property to underwriters.

Synonyms
rel-top|synonyms of "abandon"
abdicate
cede
desert
forego
forsake
give up
leave
rel-mid
quit
relinquish
renounce
resign
retire
surrender
withdraw from
yield
rel-bottom

Derived terms
rel-top|terms derived from "abandon"
aband
abandoned
abandonee
rel-mid
abandoner
abandonware
rel-bottom

Related terms
abandonment
abandonware

Translations
trans-top|to give up
Arabic: Arab|اÙصر٠(inÊárafa), Arab|ÙÙصر٠(yanÊárifu)
Bengali: à¦à§à¦¡à¦¼à§ দà§à¦à¦¯à¦¼à¦¾, à¦à§à¦·à¦¾à¦¨à§à¦¤à¦¿ দà§à¦à¦¯à¦¼à¦¾
Catalan: abandonar, deixar
Cherokee: áá²á¯á (diyohidi)
Chinese: æ¾æ£, æ¾å¼ (fàngqì)
Danish: opgive
Dutch: opgeven, prijsgeven
Esperanto: forlasi
Finnish: hylätä, antaa periksi,luovuttaa
French: abandonner
German: aufgeben, verlassen
Greek: εγκαÏαλείÏÏ (engkatalípo), ÏαÏαÏÏ (parato)
Hebrew: ××ת×××ש romanization of Hebrew|lehitya`ésh
Hindi: à¤à¥à¤¡à¤¼ दà¥à¤¨à¤¾; तà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤à¤¨à¤¾
Interlingua: abandonar
Italian: abbandonare
Japanese: æ­å¿µãã (ã ãã­ããã, dannensuru); æ­¢ãã (yameru)
Marathi: तà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤à¤£à¥; सà¥à¤¡à¥à¤¨ दà¥à¤£à¥
Middle English: abandounen
trans-mid
Nahuatl: itopanecauiloc
Norwegian: oppgi, skrinlegge
Novial: abandona
Old English: ofgiefan|ofġiefan
Persian: FAchar|دست Ú©Ø´Ûد٠(dast kashidan), FAchar|رÙا کرد٠(rahâ kardan)
Polish: porzucaÄ
Portuguese: abandonar
Romanian: abandona
Russian: оÑказÑваÑÑÑÑ Ð¾Ñ (otkázyvatâsja ot), оÑÑавлÑÑÑ (ostavljátâ), бÑоÑаÑÑ (brosátâ), покидаÑÑ (pokidátâ)
Slovene: opustiti
Spanish: renunciar
Swedish: avstå från, frångå, ge upp
Tamil: à®à¯à®µà®¿à®à¯à®¤à®²à¯
Telugu: వదà±à°²à±à°à±à°¨à±
Turkish: bırakmak
trans-bottom

trans-top|to leave behind or desert
Arabic: Arab|ترÙ|تÙرÙÙÙ (táraka), Arab|ÙترÙ
Bengali: পরিতà§à¦¯à¦¾à¦ à¦à¦°à¦¾, à¦à§à¦¡à¦¼à§ à¦à¦²à§ যাà¦à¦¯à¦¼à¦¾
Catalan: abandonar
Cherokee: áá²á¯á (diyohidi)
Chinese: æ¾æ£, æ¾å¼ (fàngqì)
Danish: forlade
Dutch: achterlaten, in de steek laten
Esperanto: forlasi
Finnish: jättää heitteille, hylätä
French: abandonner
German: aufgeben, zurücklassen
Greek: εγκαÏαλείÏÏ (engkatalípo)
Hebrew: ×× ××ש romanization of Hebrew|lintósh
Hindi: à¤à¥à¤¡à¤¼ दà¥à¤¨à¤¾
Interlingua: abandonar, deserer
Italian: abbandonare
trans-mid
Japanese: æ¾ç½®ãã (ã»ãã¡ãã, hÅchisuru); è¦æ¨ã¦ã (misuteru)
Marathi: तà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤à¤£à¥; सà¥à¤¡à¥à¤¨ दà¥à¤£à¥
Nahuatl: itopanecauiloc
Norwegian: forlate
Novial: abandona
Persian: FAchar|ب٠حا٠خÙد رÙا کرد٠(be hâl xud rahâ kardan), FAchar|ترک کرد٠(tarak kardan)
Polish: opuszczaÄ
Portuguese: abandonar
Russian: оÑÑавлÑÑÑ (ostavljátâ), бÑоÑаÑÑ (brosátâ), покидаÑÑ (pokidátâ)
Slovene: zapustiti
Spanish: abandonar
Swedish: gå ifrån, lämna, överge
Turkish: terk etmek
trans-bottom

trans-top|to cast out
Catalan: abandonar
Cherokee: áá²á¯á (diyohidi)
Chinese: ä¸æ£, ä¸¢å¼ (diÅ«qì)
Dutch: verwerpen, afwijzen, verbannen
Esperanto: elpeli
Finnish: ajaa pois
Greek: αÏαÏνοÏμαι (aparnume), αÏοκηÏÏÏÏÏ (apokiriso)
Italian: bandire
trans-mid
Japanese: è¦æ¨ã¦ã (ã¿ãã¦ã, misuteru); æ¨ã¦ã (suteru)
Nahuatl: itopanecauiloc
Norwegian: forvise
Novial: abandona
Spanish: expulsar
Swedish: förvisa
Telugu: వదిలివà±à°¯à±, వదిలివà±à°³à±à°³à± (బహిషà±à°à°°à°¿à°à°à±, à°µà±à°²à°¿à°µà±à°¯à±)
Turkish: kovmak
trans-bottom

trans-top|to relinquish a claim to property
Dutch: afzien (van), afstand doen (van), terugnemen
Finnish: luopua, luovuttaa
Hebrew: ×× ××ש romanization of Hebrew|lintósh
Hindi: परितà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤à¤¨à¤¾, तà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤ दà¥à¤¨à¤¾
Interlingua: renunciar, relinquer
trans-mid
Japanese: æã渡ã (akewatasu); æ¾æ£ãã (hÅki suru)
Marathi: परितà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤ à¤à¤°à¤£à¥
Polish: wyrzec siÄ
Spanish: renunciar
Swedish: överlämna
trans-bottom

trans-top|forsake
Cherokee: áá²á¯á (diyohidi)
Dutch: verzaken, verlaten, begeven
Hindi: परितà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤à¤¨à¤¾, तà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤ दà¥à¤¨à¤¾
trans-mid
Japanese: è¦æ¨ã¦ã (misuteru)
Marathi: परितà¥à¤¯à¤¾à¤ à¤à¤°à¤£à¥
Nahuatl: itopanecauiloc
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
checktrans
ttbc|Bulgarian: изоÑÑавÑм (izostavjam), напÑÑкам (napuskam)
ttbc|Cherokee: áá²á¯á (diyohidi)
ttbc|Ido: abandonar
ttbc|Indonesian: biar|membiarkan, telantar|menelantarkan, abai|mengabaikan
ttbc|Irish: tréig
ttbc|Korean: ë²ë¦¬ë¤ (beorida)
ttbc|Latin: relinquere
ttbc|Scottish Gaelic: trèig, fàg
ttbc|Telugu: విడిà°à°¿à°ªà±à°à±à°à±
ttbc|Vietnamese: bá»m, từ bá», bá» rÆ¡i, ruá»ng bá»
ttbc|Volapük: klemön, lüvön

Etymology 2
From F. abandon#French|abandon, from abondonner.

Noun
en-noun

  1. A complete give up|giving up to natural impulses; freedom from artificial constraint; careless freedom or ease.

Synonyms
rel-top|synonyms of abandon
wantonness
unrestraint
libertinism
abandonment
profligacy
unconstraint
rel-bottom

Translations
trans-top|a giving up to natural impulses
Danish: løssluppenhed c
Dutch: ongedwongenheid f
Finnish: huolettomuus, riehakkuus
Esperanto: senÄeneco
German: Hingabe f, Ungezwungenheit f, Selbstvergessenheit f
Greek: ξέÏÏενα (kséfrena) f
trans-mid
Italian: abbandono m
Russian: беззабоÑноÑÑÑ (bezzabótnostâ) f; (to do with abandon) за- + verb + -ÑÑ
Swedish: frigjordhet c, nonchalans c, otvungenhet c
trans-bottom

Translations to be checked
checktrans
ttbc|Bulgarian: изоÑÑавÑне (izostavjane) n, напÑÑкане (napuskane) n
ttbc|Macedonian: напÑÑÑа (napuÅ¡ta)
ttbc|Vietnamese: phóng túng, sự tự do, sự buông thả
ttbc|Volapük: klem, lüv

Shorthand

Gregg Versions w:Gregg_Shorthand#Centennial_Gregg_Shorthand|Centennial, w:Gregg_Shorthand#Series_90_Gregg_Shorthand|Series 90, w:Gregg_Shorthand#Diamond_Jubilee_Gregg_Shorthand|DJS, w:Gregg_Shorthand#Simplified_Gregg_Shorthand|Simplified: a - b - a - n - dn

French

Noun
abandon m

  1. surrender
  2. abandonment
  3. neglect

Category:French nouns


Romanian

Etymology
F.|ro #French|abandon.

Noun
ro-noun|gend=n

  1. abandonment
  2. renouncement

am:abandon
ar:abandon
zh-min-nan:abandon
be:abandon
de:abandon
et:abandon
el:abandon
eo:abandon
fa:abandon
fr:abandon
gl:abandon
ko:abandon
hy:abandon
hi:abandon
io:abandon
id:abandon
ia:abandon
it:abandon
hu:abandon
ml:abandon
ms:abandon
ja:abandon
pl:abandon
pt:abandon
ro:abandon
ru:abandon
simple:abandon
sk:abandon
fi:abandon
sv:abandon
ta:abandon
te:abandon
vi:abandon
tr:abandon
uk:abandon
zh:abandon

Revision and Credits for"abandon"
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