Complete Definition of "X-ray"

English
wikipedia

Etymology
Transliteration of G. term|X-Strahl|lang=de, coined by Wilhelm_R%F6ntgen|Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen upon his discovery of the rays in 1895, x signifying their unknown nature.

Pronunciation
audio|en-us-X-ray.ogg|Audio (US)

Noun
en-noun|sg=X-ray

  1. Short wavelength electromagnetic radiation usually produced by bombarding a metal target in a vacuum. Used to create images of the internal structure of objects; this is possible because X-rays pass through most objects and can expose photographic film.

#: X-rays are light with a wavelength between 0.1 and 10 nm.

  1. colloquial A photograph made with X-rays. The proper term for this is "radiograph."

#: "The doctor ordered some X-rays of my injured wrist."

  1. An X-ray machine.
  2. The letter X in the ICAO spelling alphabet.

Translations
trans-top|short wavelength electromagnetic radiation
Czech: rentgen m
Catalan: raig X m
Chinese: 爱克斯射线, X射线, X光
Dutch: röntgenstraal f
Finnish: röntgensäteily
French: t|fr|rayon X m, rayon Röntgen m
German: Röntgenstrahl m
Hebrew: קרני רנטגן|קַרנֵי רֶנְטְגֶן (qārney rentgen) f
Indonesian: ronsen, rontgen
Interlingua: rayos röntgen
trans-mid
Japanese: レントゲン (rentogen)
Russian: рентгеновский луч (r'entg'énovskij luč) m, рентген (r'entg'én) m
Spanish: rayo X m
Volapük: räyastrals
trans-bottom

trans-top|a photograph made with X-rays
Chinese: X光照片
Czech: RTG n
Catalan: radiografia f
Dutch: röntgenfoto f
Finnish: röntgenkuva
French: t|fr|radiographie f
German: Röntgenbild n
Hebrew: צילום רנטגן (tsilum rentgen) m
Indonesian: sinar-X
Interlingua: röntgenogramma
trans-mid
Italian: radiografia f
Japanese: X線, エックス線 (エックスせん, ekkusu-sen)
Russian: рентген (r'entg'én) m, рентгенограмма (r'entg'enográmma) f
Spanish: radiografía f
Volapük: räyöf
trans-bottom

trans-top|an X-ray machine
Dutch: röntgenapparaat n
Finnish: röntgenlaite
German: Röntgenapparat m
Hebrew: מכונת רנטגן (meḥonāt rentgen) f
trans-mid
Russian: рентген (r'entg'én) m
Volapük: räyöm
trans-bottom

Derived terms
X-ray astronomy
X-ray crystallography
X-ray diffraction
X-ray fluorescence
X-ray microscope
X-ray spectrometry
X-ray telescope
X-ray tube

Verb
en-verb

  1. context|transitive|colloquial To expose film with X-ray radiation, especially for the purpose of medical diagnostic evaluation. Properly, the way to express this is "take a radiograph of".

#:Of course there was nothing wrong with my left wrist. They X-rayed the wrong arm!"

Translations
trans-top|to expose film with X-ray radiation
Dutch: doorlichten, bestralen, röntgenen, met röntgenstralen onderzoeken
Finnish: ottaa röntgenkuva, röntgenkuvata
French: radiographier, soumettre à un examen radiographique
trans-mid
German: röntgen
Japanese: レントゲンを撮る (rentogen wo toru)
Russian: просвечивать/просветить (prosv'éčivat'/prosv'etít')
trans-bottom

Adjective
en-adj|-

  1. Of or having to do with x-rays.

#: I had to put my bags through an X-ray scanner at the airport.

Translations
trans-top|of or having to do with x-rays
trans-mid
Russian: рентгеновский (r'entg'énovskij)
trans-bottom

External links
A picture of an X-ray photograph.
A picture of an X-ray machine

Category:Energy
Category:Medicine

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Revision and Credits for"X-ray"
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