- A two-player boardgame played with a board of eight rows of eight squares of alternating colours and 16 pieces for each player: eight pawns, two knights, two rooks, two bishops, a queen and a king; the aim is to get the opponent's king in a position on the board such that it cannot avoid being captured (the state known as checkmate).
Etymology: From Old French esches, plural of eschec < Vulgar Latin < Arabic (ARchar, Ù) (shah, king in chess) < Persian (FAchar, Ù) (shah, king).
- Dutch: schaakspel , schaken
- French: m(fr, échecs)p
- German: Schach(de)n
- Italian: m(it, scacchi)p
- Spanish: ajedrez , juego de ajedrez
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