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Glossary of Governance - Government Terms
beginning with letter D
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DA Tweet Definition of DA Like Definition of DA on Facebook
initialism (pluralDAs)
  1. district attorney
  2. Department of the Army
  3. duck's arse (haircut)
  4. Department of Agriculture
  5. Dairy Association
  6. Doctor of Arts
  7. (internet) Domain Administration
dark horse Tweet Definition of dark horse Like Definition of dark horse on Facebook
noun
  1. (context, idiom, politics): A candidate who is nominated unexpectedly, without previously having been discussed or considered as a likely choice.
  2. (context, rare) An unexpected success.
Everyone was expecting the red team to win, but the greens were the in the event.
D-Day Tweet Definition of D-Day Like Definition of D-Day on Facebook
noun
  1. (historical) June 6th, 1944, the date during World War II when the allies invaded western Europe.
  2. (figuratively) The date of any major event planned for the future.
DEA Tweet Definition of DEA Like Definition of DEA on Facebook
initialism
  1. Drug Enforcement Agency (US) category:Drugs
deal Tweet Definition of deal Like Definition of deal on Facebook
noun
  1. (archaic) A division, a portion, a share.
We gave three deals of grain in tribute to the king.
  1. (often followed by of) A quantity, a lot (usually qualified by great or good.)
Skydiving requires a good of courage.
I'm a good older than I used to be.
That doesn't make a great of sense.
  1. (informal) A situation.
What's the ?
  1. (informal) A thing, an unspecified or unidentified object.
The with four tines is called a fork.
verb (deals, dealing, dealt)
  1. (transitive) To distribute among a number of recipients, to give out as one"s portion or share.
The fighting is over; now we out the spoils of victory.
  1. (transitive) To administer or give out, as in small portions.
I dealt him a mighty blow
  1. To distribute cards to the players in a game.
I was dealt four aces.
The cards were shuffled and dealt by the croupier.
  1. (baseball) To pitch.
The whole crowd waited for him to a real humdinger.
  1. (intransitive) To have dealings or business.
Now you'll have to with me.
  1. (intransitive) To trade professionally (followed by in)
She deals in gold.
  1. (transitive) To sell (illicit drugs.)
This club takes a dim view of members who drugs.
  1. (intransitive) To be concerned with.
The film dealt with a sensitive subject.
  1. (intransitive) To handle, to manage, to cope.
There's only one way to with people like her.
I can't with this.
adjective
  1. Made of deal.
A plain table
defense Tweet Definition of defense Like Definition of defense on Facebook
noun
  1. The action of defending or protecting from attack, danger, or injury.
  2. Anything employed to oppose attack(s).
  3. An argument in support or justification of something.
delegate Tweet Definition of delegate Like Definition of delegate on Facebook
noun
  1. a person authorized to act as representative for another; a deputy
  2. a representative at a conference etc
  3. an appointed representative in some legislative bodies
  4. (computing)
verb (delegat, ing)
  1. to authorize someone to be a delegate
  2. to commit a task to someone, especially a subordinate
  3. (computing) (internet) (italbrac, of a subdomain) to give away authority over a subdomain; to allow someone else to create sub-subdomains of a subdomain of yours
delegation Tweet Definition of delegation Like Definition of delegation on Facebook
noun
  1. An act of delegate, delegating.
  2. A group of delegate
    1. noun, delegates used to discuss issues with an opponent.
    2. (computing): A method dispatching technique describing the lookup and inheritance rules for self-referential calls.
    A contract whereby the original debtor substitutes a new debtor in his stead, with the creditor"s permission.
demise Tweet Definition of demise Like Definition of demise on Facebook
noun
  1. The conveyance or transfer of an estate, either in fee for life or for years, most commonly the latter.
  2. Transmission by formal act or conveyance to an heir or successor; transference; especially, the transfer or transmission of the crown or royal authority to a successor.
  3. death, Death.
demo Tweet Definition of demo Like Definition of demo on Facebook
noun
  1. a brief demonstration or visual explanation
  2. a recording of a song meant to demonstrate its overall sound for the purpose of getting it published or recorded more fully
After hearing the the record label approved funding to record the song with a full band.
  1. an example of a product used for demonstration and then sold at a discount
  2. a march or gathering to make a political protest
abbreviation
  1. democrat
  2. demolition
  3. demonstration
democracy Tweet Definition of democracy Like Definition of democracy on Facebook
noun (democrac, ies)
  1. (uncountable) Rule by the people, especially as a form of government; either directly, as in Ancient Greece, or through elected representatives as in many modern societies (representative democracy).
    • 1866, J. Arthur Partridge, On Democracy, Trí¼bner & Co., page 2:
    • : And the essential value and power of Democracy consists in this,"that it combines, as far as possible, power and organization ; THE SPIRIT, MANHOOD, is at one with THE BODY, ORGANIZATION. .... Democracy is Government by the People.
    • 1901, The American Historical Review, American Historical Association, page 260:
    • : The period, that is, which marks the transition from absolutism or aristocracy to will mark also the transition from absolutist or autocratic methods of nomination to democratic methods.
    • 1921, James Bryce Bryce, Modern Democracies, The Macmillan Company, page 1:
    • : A century ago there was in the Old World only one tiny spot in which the working of could be studied. A few of the ancient rural cantons of Switzerland had recovered their freedom after the fall of Napoleon, and were governing themselves as they had done from the earlier Middle Ages.... Nowhere else in Europe did the people rule.
      1. (countable, government) A government under the direct or representative rule of the people of its jurisdiction.
    • 2003, Fareed Zakaria, The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad, W. W. Norton & Company, page 13:
    • : In 1900 not a single country had what we would today consider a : a government created by elections in which every adult citizen could vote.
      1. (rfv-sense) (uncountable) Belief in political freedom and equality; the spirit of democracy.
    • 1915, George William Coleman, Democracy in the Making: Ford Hall and the Open Forum Movement: a Symposium, http://books.google.com/books?id=8V0oAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA259&dq=democracy p259
    • : You cannot separate God and ... For if we believe in , we believe in God's purpose...
    • 1918, Charles Horton Cooley, "A Primary Culture for Democracy", in Publications of the American Sociological Society 13, http://books.google.com/books?id=cvUZAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA8&dq=democracy p8
    • : As states of the human spirit , righteousness, and faith have much in common and may be cultivated by the same means...
    • 1919, Tomí¡Å¡ Garrigue Masaryk, The Spirit of Russia: Studies in History, Literature and Philosophy, Macmillan, http://books.google.com/books?id=aLAcAAAAMAAJ&pg=RA4-PA446&dq=democracy p446
    • : It must further be admitted that he provided a successful interpretation of in its philosophic aspects when he conceived as a general outlook on the universe... In Bakunin's conception of as religious in character we trace the influence of French socialism.
    • 1996, Petre Roman, The Spirit of Democracy and the Fabric of NATO - The New European Democracies and NATO Enlargement, http://www.fas.org/man/nato/natodocs/an246pc.htm p1
    • : The spirit of means, above all, liberty of choice for human beings... , in both its individual and collective forms, is the main engine of the eternal human striving for justice and prosperity.
    • 2000, http://www.spiritofdemocracy.com/English/Index.htm SpiritOfDemocracy?.com
    • : "Don"t teach us the structures of democracy, we know all about the structures of democracy; teach us the spirit of ."
Democrat Tweet Definition of Democrat Like Definition of Democrat on Facebook
proper noun
  1. A member or supporter of the Democratic Party in the United States.
  2. A member or supporter of the Australian Democrats, a liberal political party.
adjective
  1. Of or belonging to the Democratic Party in the United States
democratic Tweet Definition of democratic Like Definition of democratic on Facebook
adjective
  1. Pertaining to democracy; favoring democracy, or constructed upon the principle of government by the people.
  2. (context, US): Relating to a political party so called.
democratize Tweet Definition of democratize Like Definition of democratize on Facebook
verb (democratiz, ing)
  1. To make democratic.
denizen Tweet Definition of denizen Like Definition of denizen on Facebook
noun
  1. An inhabitant of a place; one who dwells in.
the giant squid is one of many denizens of the deep
  1. One who frequents a place.
the denizens of that pub are of the roughest sort
  1. A citizen naturalized through letters patent.
though born in Iceland, he became a of Britain after leaving Oxford
  1. (biology) Local flora and fauna.
the bald eagle is a of the northern part of the state
verb
  1. (transitive, UK) To grant rights of citizenship to; to naturalize.
he was denizened to Ireland after fleeing his home country
department Tweet Definition of department Like Definition of department on Facebook
noun
  1. A part, portion, or subdivision.
  2. A distinct course of life, action, study, or the like; appointed sphere or walk; province.
  • Superior to Pope in Pope's own peculiar of literature. Macaulay.
    1. Subdivision of business or official duty; especially, one of the principal divisions of executive government; as, the treasury department; the war department; also, in a university, one of the divisions of instructions; as, the medical department; the department of physics.
    2. A territorial division; a district; esp., in France, one of the districts composed of several arrondissements into which the country is divided for governmental purposes; as, the Department of the Loire.
    3. A military subdivision of a country; as, the Department of the Potomac.
    4. (obsolete) Act of departing; departure.
  • Sudden departments from one extreme to another. Wotton.
  • dependency Tweet Definition of dependency Like Definition of dependency on Facebook
    noun (dependenc, ies)
    1. A state of dependence; a refusal to exercise initiative:
    Frank's sullen was driving his father nuts.
    1. Something dependent on, or subordinate to, something else:
    In the United States' governmental structure, the military is conceived as a under the executive branch.
    1. A colony, or a territory subject to rule by an external power.
    2. A dependence on a habit-forming substance such as a drug or alcohol; addiction.
    3. (computing) In object-oriented programming, the use by one object of the functionality of another.
    deputy Tweet Definition of deputy Like Definition of deputy on Facebook
    noun (deput, ies)
    1. One appointed as the substitute of another, and empowered to act for him, in his name or his behalf; a substitute in office; a lieutenant; a representative; a delegate; a vicegerent; as, the deputy of a prince, of a sheriff, of a township, etc.
    2. (in France): A member of the Chamber of Deputies, formerly called Corps Législatif
    3. (Ireland) a member of Dí¡il í‰ireann, or the title of a member of Dí¡il í‰ireann. (Normally capitalised in both cases)
    Eamon Ryan is a Deputy in the Dí¡il.
    At today's meeting, Deputy Ryan will speak on local issues.
    designate Tweet Definition of designate Like Definition of designate on Facebook
    verb (designat, ing)
    1. To mark out and make known; to point out; to name; to indicate; to show; to distinguish by marks or description; to specify; as, to designate the boundaries of a country; to designate the rioters who are to be arrested.
    2. To call by a distinctive title; to name.
    3. To indicate or set apart for a purpose or duty; -- with to or for; to designate an officer for or to the command of a post or station.
    adjective
    1. Designated; appointed; chosen.
    despot Tweet Definition of despot Like Definition of despot on Facebook
    noun
    1. A ruler with absolute power; a tyrant.
    despotic Tweet Definition of despotic Like Definition of despotic on Facebook
    adjective
    1. In the manner of a despot, tyrannical.
    despotism Tweet Definition of despotism Like Definition of despotism on Facebook
    noun
    1. government by a singular authority, either a single person or tight-knit group, which rules with absolute power
    deviation Tweet Definition of deviation Like Definition of deviation on Facebook
    noun
    1. The act of deviate, deviating; a wandering from the way; variation from the common way, from an established rule, etc.; departure, as from the right course or the path of duty.
    2. The state or result of having deviated; a transgression; an act of sin; an error; an offense.
    3. (context, contract law) The voluntary and unnecessary departure of a ship from, or delay in, the regular and usual course of the specific voyage insured, thus releasing the underwriters from their responsibility.
    4. (context, Absolute Deviation) The shortest distance between the center of the target and the point where a projectile hits or bursts.
    devolution Tweet Definition of devolution Like Definition of devolution on Facebook
    noun
    1. (context, originally) A rolling down.
    2. A descent, especially one that passes through a series of revolutions, or by succession
    3. The transference of a right to a successor, or of a power from one body to another.
    4. (genetics) degeneration, Degeneration (as opposed to evolution).
    5. The transfer of some powers, and the delegation of some functions, from a central sovereign government to local government; eg. from Westminster to Scottish parliament and Welsh assembly.
    Di Tweet Definition of Di Like Definition of Di on Facebook
    proper noun
    1. (given name, female, from Greek, ), diminutive of Diana.
    dictator Tweet Definition of dictator Like Definition of dictator on Facebook
    noun
    1. Originally, a magistrate without colleague in republican ancient Rome, who held full executive authority for a term grated by the senate (legislature), typically to conduct a war
    2. A totalitarian leader of a dictatorship. They wield absolute authority, usually to the detriment of the people (evil dictator), however, there are cases (such as benevolent dictators) where they are beneficial.
    3. A tyrannical boss
    4. A person who dictates text (e.g. letters to a clerk)
    dictatorial Tweet Definition of dictatorial Like Definition of dictatorial on Facebook
    adjective
    1. of or pertaining to a dictator
    2. in the manner of a dictator, usually with callous disregard for others
    dictatorship Tweet Definition of dictatorship Like Definition of dictatorship on Facebook
    noun
    1. A government led by a dictator or a despot. Dictatorships are more often than not totalitarian regimes, but there is also a benevolent dictatorship, which is by consent of the people.
    diktat Tweet Definition of diktat Like Definition of diktat on Facebook
    noun
    1. a harsh penalty or settlement imposed upon a defeated party by the victor
    2. a dogmatic decree
    diplomacy Tweet Definition of diplomacy Like Definition of diplomacy on Facebook
    noun
    1. The art of conducting international relations by negotiate, negotiating alliances, treaty, treaties, agreements etc., especially dexterity in securing advantage for one's nation.
    2. Tact and subtle skill in dealing with people.
    diplomat Tweet Definition of diplomat Like Definition of diplomat on Facebook
    noun
    1. a person, such as an ambassador, who represents a government in its relations with other governments
    2. someone who uses skill and tact in dealing with other people
    diplomatic Tweet Definition of diplomatic Like Definition of diplomatic on Facebook
    adjective
    1. Concerning the relationships between the governments of countries
    • She spent thirty years working for Canada's service.
    Albania immediately severed relations with Zimbabwe.
    1. Exhibiting diplomacy; exercising tact or courtesy; using discussion to avoid hard feelings, fights or arguments
  • Thoughtful corrections can be as well as instructional.
  • diplomatist Tweet Definition of diplomatist Like Definition of diplomatist on Facebook
    noun
    1. a diplomat
      • 1827, James Fenimore Cooper, The Prairie
      • :It was not so easy to penetrate the motives of the Pawnees. Calm, dignified, and yet far from repulsive, they set an example of courtesy, blended with reserve, that many a of the most polished court might have strove in vain to imitate.
    direct Tweet Definition of direct Like Definition of direct on Facebook
    verb
    1. To manage, control, steer.
    2. To aim at.
    They directed their fire towards the men on the wall.
    He directed his question to the room in general.
    adjective
    1. Straight, constant, without interruption.
    disfranchise Tweet Definition of disfranchise Like Definition of disfranchise on Facebook
    verb (disfranchis, ing)
    1. To deprive someone of some privilege, especially the right to vote; to disenfranchise.
    dissent Tweet Definition of dissent Like Definition of dissent on Facebook
    noun (dissents)
    1. Disagreement with the ideas, doctrines, decrees, etc. of a political party, government or religion.
    2. An act of disagreeing with, or deviating from, the views and opinions of those holding authority.
    verb
    1. To disagree with.
    dissolution Tweet Definition of dissolution Like Definition of dissolution on Facebook
    noun
    1. The termination of an organized body or legislative assembly, especially a formal dismisal
    2. Disintegration, or decomposition into fragments
    3. Dissolving, or going into solution
    dissolve Tweet Definition of dissolve Like Definition of dissolve on Facebook
    noun
    1. cinematography a film punctuation in which there is a gradual transition from one scene to the next
    verb (dissolv, ing)
    1. (chemistry): to disintegrate by immersing it into a liquid
    2. to disperse, to drive to parts (a group of persons)
    3. cinematography shift from one shot to another by having the former fade out as the latter fades in
    district Tweet Definition of district Like Definition of district on Facebook
    noun
    1. An administrative division of an area.
      • The Soho of London
        1. An area or region marked by some distinguishing feature.
      • The Lake District in Cumbria
    divan Tweet Definition of divan Like Definition of divan on Facebook
    noun
    1. Turkish, A sofa.
      1. A council (typically of veziers of the Ottoman Empire) that discussed and recommended new laws and/or law changes to a higher authority (the sultan). The name reflects the fact that the veziers used to sit on a long traditional Turkish sofa while discussing the legal matters. No such legal entity exists in Republic of Turkey, which is the successor state of the Ottoman Empire.
    divide Tweet Definition of divide Like Definition of divide on Facebook
    noun
    1. A thing that divides.
    Stay on your side of the , please.
    1. An act of dividing.
    The left most of the good land on my share of the property.
    1. A distancing between two people or things.
    There is a great between us.
    division Tweet Definition of division Like Definition of division on Facebook
    noun
    1. (uncountable) The act or process of dividing anything.
    2. Each of the separate parts of something resulting from division.
    3. (arithmetic) (uncountable) The process of divide, dividing a number by another.
    4. (arithmetic) A calculation that involves this process.
    I've got ten divisions to do for my homework.
    1. A large military unit, usually made up of two or three brigades.
    2. A section of a large company.
    3. (context, biology, taxonomy) A rank (Latin divisio) below kingdom and above class, particularly used of plant, plants or fungus, fungi, also (particularly of animals) called a phylum; a taxon at that rank
    Magnolias belong to the Magnoliophyta.
    1. A disagreement; a difference of viewpoint between two sides of an argument.
    2. (music) A florid instrumental variation of a melody in the 17th and 18th centuries, originally conceived as the dividing of each of a succession of long notes into several short ones.
    3. (music) A set of pipes in a pipe organ which are independently controlled and supplied.
    4. A concept whereby a common group of debtors are only responsible for their proportionate sum of the total debt.
    DOC Tweet Definition of DOC Like Definition of DOC on Facebook
    initialism
    1. drug of choice
    2. Department of Corrections
    DOD Tweet Definition of DOD Like Definition of DOD on Facebook
    initialismDoD?or
    1. Department of Defense
    2. Date of Death
    DOI Tweet Definition of DOI Like Definition of DOI on Facebook
    initialism
    1. Date of Incident
    2. Digital Object Identifier
    3. Department of the Interior
    DOJ Tweet Definition of DOJ Like Definition of DOJ on Facebook
    initialism
    1. Department of Justice
    2. Date of Judgment
    DOL Tweet Definition of DOL Like Definition of DOL on Facebook
    initialism
    1. Department of Labor
    dole Tweet Definition of dole Like Definition of dole on Facebook
    noun
    1. money or other goods given as charity
    2. (context, British, slang) payment by the state to the unemployed
    I get my paid twice a week.
    I"ve been on the for two years now.
    1. (archaic) sorrow or grief; dolour
    verb (dol, ing)
    1. To distribute in small amounts; to share out, small portions of a meagre resource.
    domain Tweet Definition of domain Like Definition of domain on Facebook
    noun
    1. A geographic area owned or controlled by a single person or organization.
    2. A sphere of influence.
    3. A group of related items, topics, or subjects.
    4. (math) The set of all possible mathematical entities (points) where a given function is defined.
    5. (context, computing, Internet) Any Domain Name System, DNS domain name, particularly one which has been delegate, delegated and has become representative of the delegated domain name and it's subdomain, subdomains
      • BIND 9 Administrator Reference Manual (9.3.2), Copyright © 2004, 2005 Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC"), Copyright © 2000-2003 Internet Software Consortium, http://www.bind9.net/manual/bind/9.3.2/Bv9ARM.ch01.html
      • :Every name in the DNS tree is a , even if it is terminal, that is, has no subdomains.
        1. (context, computing, internet) A collection of Domain Name System, DNS or DNS-like domain name, domain names consisting of a delegate, delegated domain name and all its subdomain, subdomains
        2. (computing) A collection of information having to do with a , the computer, computers named in the , and the network on which the computers named in the reside
        3. (computing) The collection of computers identified by a 's domain name, domain names
        4. (context, biology, taxonomy) In the w:Three-domain system, three-domain system, the highest rank in the classification of organisms, above kingdom; in other taxonomic systems, a similarly high rank
        5. (context, biology, taxonomy) In the three-domain system, one of three taxon, taxa at that rank: (Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukaryota)
    domestic Tweet Definition of domestic Like Definition of domestic on Facebook
    noun
    1. A house servant; a maid.
      • Mary Romero, Maid in the U.S.A. - New standards of cleanliness increased the workload for s.
        1. A domestic dispute, whether verbal or violent
      • 2005: Bellingham-Whatcom County Commission Against Domestic Violence, Domestic Violence in Whatcom County (read on the Whatcom County website athttp://www.co.whatcom.wa.us/boards/dv_whatcom042505.pdf on 20 May 2006) - The number of "verbal s" (where law enforcement determines that no assault has occurred and where no arrest is made), decreased significantly.
    adjective
    1. Of or related to the home
      • 1994: George Whitmore, Getting Rid of Robert in Violet Quill - "Dan"s not as as you," I commented rather nastily.
        1. Of or related to activities normally associated with the home, wherever they actually occur
      • See, for example, domestic violence, violence, domestic hot water, hot water
        1. (Of a domesticated animal) kept by someone, for example as a farm animal or a pet.
      • 1890: US Bureau of Animal Industry, Annual report v 6/7, 1889/90 - It shall be the duty of any owner or person in charge of any animal or animals.
        1. Internal to a specific country
      • 1996 Robert O. Keohane, Helen V. Milner, Internationalization and Domestic Politics - The proportion of international economic flows relative to ones.
    Dominion Tweet Definition of Dominion Like Definition of Dominion on Facebook
    noun
    1. any of the self-governing nations of the British Commonwealth
    donkey Tweet Definition of donkey Like Definition of donkey on Facebook
    noun
    1. A domestic animal, Equus asinus, similar to a horse.
    2. A stubborn person.
    3. A fool.
    4. (nautical) A small auxiliary engine, also called donkey engine.
    double agent Tweet Definition of double agent Like Definition of double agent on Facebook
    noun
    1. A spy who works for both sides.
    Downing Street Tweet Definition of Downing Street Like Definition of Downing Street on Facebook
    noun
    1. a street in Westminster, London containing the residences of the Prime Minister and the Chancellor of the Exchequer
    1. (be extension) the British government
    drawback Tweet Definition of drawback Like Definition of drawback on Facebook
    noun
    1. A disadvantage; something that detracts or take away, takes away.
    Poor fuel economy is a common among larger vehicles.
    dual citizenship Tweet Definition of dual citizenship Like Definition of dual citizenship on Facebook
    noun
    1. The status of being a citizen of two countries
    duchess Tweet Definition of duchess Like Definition of duchess on Facebook
    noun
    1. The female ruler of a duchy.
    2. The female spouse or widow of a duke.
    duchy Tweet Definition of duchy Like Definition of duchy on Facebook
    noun (duchies)
    1. A dominion or region ruled by a duke or duchess.
      • A Grand Duchy may be a self-governing state.
      • A simple duchy tends to be a part of a larger kingdom or empire.
    Duke Tweet Definition of Duke Like Definition of Duke on Facebook
    proper noun
    1. A private university in North Carolina.
    2. (given name, male)
    dukedom Tweet Definition of dukedom Like Definition of dukedom on Facebook
    noun
    1. a region ruled by a duke or duchess; a duchy
    2. the rank or title of a duke
    duma Tweet Definition of duma Like Definition of duma on Facebook
    noun (plural:dumas)
    1. A Russian national parliament.
    dynast Tweet Definition of dynast Like Definition of dynast on Facebook
    noun
    1. A founder of a dynasty
    2. A ruler; a governor; a prince.
    dynasty Tweet Definition of dynasty Like Definition of dynasty on Facebook
    noun (dynasties)
    1. A series of rulers or dynasts from one family.

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